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Hästunderstödd terapis betydelse för mentaliseringsförmåga och psykologisk flexibilitet: Ridterapeuters upplevelser
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The meaning of Equine Assisted Therapy for mentalization and psychological flexibility : The experiences of equine therapists (English)
Abstract [sv]

Hästunderstödd terapi (HUT) är, ur psykologiskt perspektiv, en relativt outforskad terapiform där hästen är en del av behandlingsteamet. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka ridterapeuters upplevelser av HUTs betydelse för patientens mentaliseringsförmåga och psykologiska flexibilitet. Frågeställningarna var: Vilken betydelse upplever ridterapeuter att HUT har för patientens mentaliseringsförmåga? Vilken betydelse upplever ridterapeuter att HUT har för patientens psykologiska flexibilitet? Med kvalitativ semistrukturerad intervju undersöktes elva verksamma ridterapeuters upplevelser och analyserades med Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Resultatet visade att HUT hade betydelse för patientens mentaliseringsförmåga, specifikt genom anknytning, emotionell förståelse, kommunikation och förutsägbarhet. Resultatet visade också att HUT bidrog till patientens psykologiska flexibilitet. Öppenhet uppnåddes genom hästens acceptans och icke-dömande attityd, terapeuternas användande av metaforer samt övning i minskat undvikande. Centrering uppnåddes genom övning i medveten närvaro, kroppsskanning och jag-som-kontext. Patienten engagerades utifrån sina värden och ändamålsenliga handlande, vilket skapade beteendeförändring. Den mentaliseringsbaserade modellen och den psykologiska flexibilitetsmodellen kan ha en betydelsefull roll i framtida forskning och utveckling av riktlinjer för HUT.

Abstract [en]

Equine Assisted Therapy (EAT) is, from a psychological perspective, a relatively unexplored form of therapy where a horse is part of a treatment team. This study aimed to examine how the equine therapists experiences the meaning of EAT for the patient’s mentalization and psychological flexibility. The research questions were: What are the experiences of the equine therapists of the meaning of EAT for the patient’s mentalization? What are the experiences of the equine therapists of the meaning of EAT for the patient’s psychological flexibility? Using a qualitative semi-structured interview, the experiences of eleven practicing equine therapists were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The results showed that EAT had importance on a patient’s mentalization, specifically through attachment, emotional understanding, communication and comprehensibility. The results also showed that EAT could contribute to a patient’s psychological flexibility. Openness improved through the horse’s acceptance and non-judging attitude, the therapists’ use of metaphors and practice in reduced avoidance behavior. Centering improved through practice in mindfulness, body scan and self-as-context. The patient engaged with one’s values and committed action, which showed behavior change. The mentalization based model as well as the psychological flexibility model can play an important role in future research in and development of EAT guidelines.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 45 p.
Keyword [en]
Equine Assisted Therapy, mentalization, psychological flexibility, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
Keyword [sv]
Hästunderstödd terapi, mentalisering, psykologisk flexibilitet, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-52800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-52800DiVA: diva2:932053
Educational program
Psychologist Programme, 300 credits
Presentation
2016-05-23, M2093, Fakulteten för Hälso-och Livsvetenskap, Linneuniversitetet, 351 95, Växjö, 10:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-08 Created: 2016-05-31 Last updated: 2016-06-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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