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Molecular detection of Babesia capreoli and Babesia venatorum in wild Swedish roe deer, Capreolus capreolus
Linnaeus University, Sweden; Lund University, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Sweden; Swedish University of Agriculture Science, Sweden.
National Vet Institute SVA, Sweden.
Swedish University of Agriculture Science, Sweden.
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2016 (English)In: Parasites & Vectors, ISSN 1756-3305, E-ISSN 1756-3305, Vol. 9, no 221Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

Background: The epidemiology of the zoonotic tick-transmitted parasite Babesia spp. and its occurrence in wild reservoir hosts in Sweden is unclear. In European deer, several parasite species, including Babesia capreoli and the zoonotic B. venatorum and B. divergens has been reported previously. The European roe deer, Capreolus capreolus, is an important and common part of the indigenous fauna in Europe, as well as an important host for Ixodes ricinus ticks, the vector of several Babesia spp. in Europe. Here, we aimed to investigate the occurrence of Babesia spp. in roe deer in Sweden. Findings: Roe deer (n = 77) were caught and sampled for blood. Babesia spp. was detected with a PCR assay targeting the 18S rRNA gene. The prevalence of Babesia spp. was 52 %, and two species were detected; B. capreoli and B. venatorum in 44 and 7.8 % of the individuals, respectively. Infection occurred both in summer and winter. Conclusions: We showed that roe deer in Sweden, close to the edge of their northern inland distributional range, are infected with Babesia spp. The occurrence of B. venatorum in roe deer imply that it is established in Sweden and the zoonotic implication of this finding should be regarded to a greater extent in future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD , 2016. Vol. 9, no 221
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Clinical Medicine
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-128748DOI: 10.1186/s13071-016-1503-8ISI: 000375038700001PubMedID: 27094215OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-128748DiVA: diva2:931941
Note

Funding Agencies|Lawski foundation (Sven och Lilly Lawskis fond for naturvetenskaplig forskning); Royal Physiographic Society in Lund; Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry [H14-0069-ALF]; Swedish Environmental Protection Agency project; Swedish hunters organization; foundation Marie-Clair Cronstedts stiftelse: RaFast; EU Interreg - ScandTick Innovation

Available from: 2016-05-31 Created: 2016-05-30 Last updated: 2017-11-30

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