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Sjuksköterskors attityd till patienter med HIV och AIDS
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses attitudes to patients with HIV and AIDS (English)
Abstract [sv]

Infektionen Humant immunbrist virus (HIV) leder till Acquired Immunodeficeiency Syndrome (AIDS) vilket är en dödlig sjukdom. Trettiosju miljoner människor i världen har drabbats utav viruset. Bara i Sverige lever 6500 människor med HIV/AIDS. Forskning visar att sjuksköterskors attityd till patienter med HIV/AIDS påverkar vårdarbetet. Den föreliggande litteraturstudiens syfte var att belysa sjuksköterskors attityd samt dess underliggande faktorer till patienter med HIV/AIDS. Till resultatet användes 13 vetenskapliga artiklar som fokuserade på sjuksköterskors attityd till patienter med HIV/AIDS. Databearbetningen genererade tre teman. Teman som formulerades var: Sjuksköterskors negativa attityder, sjuksköterskors positiva attityder samt kunskapens betydelse. Resultatet visade att såväl positiva attityder som negativa attityder var förekommande. En avgörande faktor som påverkade sjuksköterskors attityd var deras bristande kunskap om framförallt smittvägar avseende HIV/AIDS. Därför är det nödvändigt att utöka sjuksköterskors kunskap kring HIV/AIDS. 

Abstract [en]

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) leads to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) a fatal disease. Thirty-seven million people in the world have been affected by the virus. Only in Sweden 6500 people are suffering from HIV/AIDS. Research show that nurse ́s attitudes towards patients with HIV/AIDS are affecting their care to these patients. The aim of this study was to illuminate nurse’s attitudes against patients with HIV/AIDS and factors that determined these attitudes. The study was conducted as a literature study. Thirteen articles that highlighted nurse’s attitudes to patients with HIV/AIDS were applied to the result. All the articles were analyzed and from that three themes emerged during data processing. The themes were: positive attitudes, negative attitudes and the importance of knowledge. The results showed that nurses have both positive and negative attitudes towards patients with HIV/AIDS. A crucial factor affecting nurses' attitude to patients with HIV/AIDS was their lack of knowledge. Therefore it is necessary to increase nurse’s knowledge about HIV / AIDS. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 18 p.
Keyword [en]
Attitude, HIV/AIDS, Knowledge, Nurses, Patients
Keyword [sv]
Attityd, HIV/AIDS, Kunskap, Patienter, Sjuksköterskor
National Category
Nursing Learning
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30970OAI: diva2:931791
Subject / course
2016-04-27, Halmstad, 15:23 (Swedish)
Available from: 2016-05-31 Created: 2016-05-30 Last updated: 2016-05-31Bibliographically approved

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