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Delaktighet i vården: Patienters upplevelser i hälso- och sjukvård
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Tidigare forskning redogör att patientens delaktighet har utvecklas genom

årtionden, från ett paternalistiskt perspektiv till att patienten förväntas delta och fatta beslut.

Patientens lagliga rätt till delaktighet styrks i Patientlagen och det är sjuksköterskans uppgift

att skapa möjligheter för detta. En god vårdrelation krävs för att få kunskap och möjlighet till

delaktighet. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa patienters upplever av delaktighet i hälso- och

sjukvård. Metod: En systematisk litteraturstudie med beskrivande syntes för kvalitativa

artiklar. Resultat: Patienters upplevelser av delaktighet i Hälso- och sjukvård redogörs i två

teman: hinder för delaktighet och möjligheter för delaktighet. För att vara delaktig krävdes

det att patienten får mera kunskap och information. Slutsatser: En god vårdrelation och

informationsutbyte med sjuksköterska kan skapa goda förutsättningar för att göra patienten

delaktig i sin vård och behandling. Patienten upplever dock att exempelvis vårdmiljön,

vårdpersonalens attityder och sjukdomen inverkar på deras möjligheter för delaktighet.

Abstract [en]

Background: Previous research explains that the patient's participation has evolved

through the decades, from a paternalistic approach to the patient expected to participate and

make decisions. The patient's legal right to participation is evidenced in the Swedish Patient

law (Patientlagen) and it is the nurses responsibility to create opportunities for this. A good

care relationship is required to enable patients to get the knowledge and opportunity to

participate. Aim: to describe patients' experience of participation in health care. Method: A

descriptive systematic literaturestudy of synthesis of qualitative articles. Result: Patients

experiences of participation in health care is described in two themes: the obstacles to

participation and opportunities for participation. To participate, the patient needs to get

more knowledge and information. Conclusion: A good relationship and exchange of

information with the nurse can create favorable conditions to enable patient involvement in

their care and treatment. The patients experience, however, that the care environment, care

staff attitudes and the disease affects the patient's opportunities for participation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , p. 40
Keywords [en]
caring relationship, decision making, knowledge, participation, literature review
Keywords [sv]
beslutfattande, delaktighet, kunskap, systematisk litteraturstudie, vårdrelation
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-31670OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-31670DiVA, id: diva2:931580
Subject / course
Caring Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-29 Created: 2016-05-30 Last updated: 2016-06-29Bibliographically approved

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