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Stress hos gymnasieungdomar: Områden som stressar och salutogena faktorer som skyddar
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Stress among high-school students : Stress areas and salutogenic factors (English)
Abstract [sv]

Forskning tyder på att den stressrelaterade ohälsan bland dagens ungdomar har ökat, särskilt bland unga kvinnor. Syftet med föreliggande studie var dels att undersöka förekomsten av upplevd stress hos gymnasieungdomar i årskurs 2 och 3, men också vilka områden som ungdomar upplever som stressande. Vidare undersöktes också hur de två salutogena faktorerna upplevd självkänsla och upplevt socialt stöd påverkar stressnivån. Studien undersökte även huruvida könsskillnader föreligger gällande stressnivå, vilka områden som upplevs stressande samt kring den upplevda självkänslan. Studien är av självskattningsart i form av en enkät. Urvalet bestod av 179 elever från fyra olika gymnasieskolor i en mellanstor stad i södra Sverige. Resultatet visade att 68 % av ungdomarna upplever en hög stressnivå, där kvinnor skattat högre stressnivåer än män, vilket går i linje med tidigare forskning. De områden som starkast kunde predicera stressnivån var stress inför framtiden och stress av skolarbetet där den senare hade störst förklaringsvärde. Kvinnor rapporterade signifikant högre värden inom fyra av de sex områdena som mättes. Vad gäller de salutogena faktorerna var det enbart självkänsla som signifikant kunde predicera en minskning av stressnivån hos ungdomarna. Tidigare forskning har dock visat att såväl socialt stöd, som självkänsla, kan betraktas som salutogena faktorer vid stress.  

Abstract [en]

Research has shown that the stress-related illness among adolescents has increased, especially amongst young women. The aim of this study was partly to explore the occurrence of stress in students attending the second or third year of high-school, but also to examine which areas the adolescents find the most stressful. Furthermore the aim of the study was to investigate how the two salutogenic factors self-esteem and social support affect stress-levels. Gender differences were also investigated regarding the stress-levels, the different areas of stress and self-esteem. The study was questionnaire based and the sample contained 179 students from four different schools in a medium-sized town in the south of Sweden. Results showed that 68 % of the adolescents experience high levels of stress, the women in the study reported higher levels than men. These results are consistent with previous research. The areas that could predict stresslevels the highest were stress of future uncertainties and stress of school performance, the latter had the largest effect-size. Women reported significantly higher levels of stress in four of the six measured areas. Regarding the salutogenic factors only self-esteem could predict a reduction of stress at a significant level in adolescents. Previous research has shown social support as a significant salutogenic factor as well as self-esteem, but this was not the case in the present study.   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Stress, high-school students, stress areas, self-esteem and social support
Keyword [sv]
Stress, gymnasieungdomar, stressområden, självkänsla och socialt stöd
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-52728OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-52728DiVA: diva2:931530
Educational program
Psychologist Programme, 300 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-08 Created: 2016-05-28 Last updated: 2016-06-08Bibliographically approved

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