Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Unemployment, fertility rates and family policies: A study of 22 European countries during the 2008-2012 recession
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In this study we have investigated fertility levels during periods of unusually high unemployment levels. Our research questions were: 1. To what extent does fertility levels change during periods of higher unemployment? 2. Can family policies affect changes of fertility levels during these periods?

Our hypothesis states that firstly, fertility levels are expected to be lower during periods of higher unemployment, due to households perceiving a lower level of economic security. Secondly, effective family policies should counter this effect, making unemployment having less of an effect on household fertility decisions, due to family policy lowering the economic risks associated with having a child.

We performed an analysis in two parts. In the first part we divided countries into groups based on which countries had experienced a period of higher unemployment, and which countries had more or less generous family policies. The second part of our analysis was a regression analysis of TFR, unemployment and family policy variables. The results were in line with our first hypothesis: In our first analysis, the group of countries that were experiencing a period of higher unemployment also had a more negative development of fertility. In our regression analysis, we could observe a negative relationship between unemployment and fertility. On the other hand, our results could not support our second hypothesis: No individual family policy could be found to change the effect of unemployment on fertility levels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Fertility, TFR, Family policies, Unemployment, Recession
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-130588OAI: diva2:931264
Available from: 2016-06-07 Created: 2016-05-27 Last updated: 2016-06-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(638 kB)15 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 638 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Sociology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 15 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 16 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link