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Att vårda patienter med substansbrukssyndrom utanför den specialiserade beroendevården: En litteraturstudie om sjuksköterskans inställningar
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Överkonsumtion av alkohol är ett globalt problem som ökar risken för insjuknandet i flera sjukdomar, därmed kommer personer med substansbrukssyndrom i kontakt med många delar av hälso- och sjukvården. Patienter med substansbrukssyndrom upplever att de inte erhåller vård på samma villkor som andra. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att utforska sjuksköterskors inställningar vid vårdandet av personer med substansbrukssyndrom utanför specialiserad beroendevård. En systematisk litteraturstudie med beskrivande design användes som metod för att besvara syftet.  Resultatet består av två kategorier: “Sjuksköterskors inställningar till att vårda patienter med substansbrukssyndrom” och “Sjuksköterskors känslomässiga reaktioner av att vårda patienter med substansbrukssyndrom”. Kategorin ”Sjuksköterskors känslomässiga reaktioner av att vårda patienter med substansbrukssyndrom” bygger på fyra subkategorier: negativa aspekter, positiva aspekter, bristande kunskap och samtal om alkohol. Inställningen till att vårda patienter med substansbrukssyndrom var övervägande negativ. En förbättring av sjuksköterskors kunskaper om omvårdnad vid substansbrukssyndrom skulle kunna bidra till en bättre vårdupplevelse för både sjuksköterska och patient.

Abstract [en]

Overconsumption of alcohol is a global health issue that increases the risk for several physical and mental health conditions. People who suffer from alcohol dependence will therefore often come in contact with different instances within the health care system. Patients suffering from substance dependence might experience that they don’t receive equal care compared with other patients. The aim of the study was therefore to explore how nurses in general healthcare experience caring for patients suffering from substance dependence in general healthcare, outside of specialized care. A systematic literature review was used to answer the aim of the study. The result consists of two categories: "Nurses' experiences of caring for patients with substance use disorder" and "Nurses' emotional reactions of caring for patients with substance use disorder". The category "Nurses' emotional reactions of caring for patients with substance use disorder" is based on four subcategories: negative aspects, positive aspects, lack of knowledge and discussion about alcohol.

Attitudes of caring for patients with substance dependence were predominantly negative. An improvement in nurses' knowledge could contribute to a better care experience for both nurse and patient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
Alcohol, substance use disorder, attitude, nurses experience, care
Keyword [sv]
Alkohol, substansbrukssyndrom, attityd, sjuksköterskors inställningar, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294698OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-294698DiVA: diva2:931217
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-05-27 Created: 2016-05-26 Last updated: 2016-05-27Bibliographically approved

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Att vårda patienter med substansbrukssyndrom utanför den specialiserade beroendevården(820 kB)144 downloads
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