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Application for Wind Farm Integration Complying with the Grid Code by Designing an Outer Control Strategy for the Converter.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES).
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The continuously increasing energy penetration from wind farms into the grid raises concerns regarding power quality and the stable operation of the power system. The Grid Code´s requirements give strict guidelines for a wind farm´s behaviour under faulty or abnormal operating conditions.The primary purpose of this project is the application of a STATCOM for wind farm integration complying with the Grid Code. Towards that, an outer control strategy for the converter is designed so as to regulate the voltage at the point of common coupling by providing reactive power compensation. Thus the safe operation of the grid will be ensured since the wind farm will follow the Grid Code´s standards.The existing Grid Code requires only a positive sequence current controller. This study attempts to investigate whether this is sufficient or not and to examine the possibility of extending the Grid Code requirements so as to incorporate a negative sequence current controller as well. The results support the latter suggestion. Also, the use of SiC devices was also considered in this project.

Abstract [sv]

Den ständigt ökande penetrationen av vindenergi i elnätet väcker farhågor om elkvalitet och stabil drift av kraftsystemet. Nätkoden (Grid Code) ger strikta riktlinjer för en vindkraftsparks beteende i felfall och under onormala driftsförhållanden.Huvudsyftet med detta projekt är att använda en STATCOM för integration av vindkraftsparker så att nätkoden uppfylls. I detta projekt utformas en yttre reglerstrategi för omriktaren för att reglera spänningen vid anslutningspunkten för vindkraftsparken genom att tillhandahålla reaktiv effektkompensering. Därigenom uppnås en säker drift av nätet eftersom vindkraftparken kommer att följa nätkoden.Den befintliga nätkoden kräver endast styrning av plusföljdskomponenten av strömmen. Denna studie försöker undersöka om detta är tillräckligt samt undersöka möjligheten för att utvidga nätkoden genom att införa ett krav på styrning av negativ-sekvens ström. Resultaten stöder det sistnämnda förslaget. Även användningen av halvledarkomponenter av kiselkarbid-SiC studerades i detta projekt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 82 p.
Series
EES Examensarbete / Master Thesis, TRITA – EE: 2015:92
Keyword [en]
Wind Farm, STATCOM, Grid Code, Positive and Negative Sequence Current Controller, Reactive Power Compensation
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-187686OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-187686DiVA: diva2:931095
Available from: 2016-05-26 Created: 2016-05-26 Last updated: 2016-05-26Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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