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Att bli tillfrågad om våld i nära relation: En litteraturstudie om kvinnliga patienters upplevelser
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Våld i nära relation är ett samhällsproblem. Genom att utföra screening kan vårdpersonalen identifiera och stödja kvinnor som utsatts för våld, vilket är viktigt för att kunna erbjuda adekvat vård och främja en god hälsa.

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturöversikten är att kartlägga kvinnliga patienters upplevelser av att vårdpersonal frågar om våld i nära relation.

Metod: Litteratursökning gjordes i databaserna PubMed och CINAHL. Efter kvalitetsgranskning kvarstod 15 artiklar, varav 14 med kvalitativ ansats och en med mixad metod som därefter analyserats.

Resultat: Kvinnor upplevde att det var positivt att bli tillfrågade då de inte ansåg att de var kapabla till att be om hjälp. Det ansågs viktigt att vårdpersonalen hade rätt kompetens. Att vårdpersonal frågade regelbundet, på en säker plats samt erbjöd information och rådgivning var viktigt. Det var också viktigt hur vårdpersonal ställde frågan, deras beteende, samt om de verkade intresserade. Kvinnor kunde dock uppleva att bli tillfrågade upplevdes som ett hot mot deras säkerhet. Brist på information ansågs som ett hinder för att få hjälp.

Slutsats: Det finns en efterfrågan hos kvinnor att vårdpersonal måste kunna tillgodose deras behov av information och ha kompetens inom ämnet, samt att kvinnorna vill uppleva att de är säkra om de berättar om våldsutsatthet. Ytterligare forskning behövs för att utreda vilka förhållanden som är optimala för att kvinnor ska vilja anförtro sig åt vårdpersonalen.

Abstract [en]

Background: Intimate partner violence is a public health problem. By performing screening, health care professionals are able to identify and support women who have been exposed to intimate partner violence. This is important in order to provide women with health care that is appropriate for their needs.

Aim: The aim is to survey patient's experiences of health professionals asking about intimate partner violence.

Method: Systematic searches were performed in the databases: PubMed and CINAHL. After the qualitative review, 15 articles were chosen, fourteen of which were qualitative studies and one of mixed method for analyzing.

Findings: Women felt it was good to be asked about intimate partner violence as they were not able to ask for help themselves. It was considered important that the health care professionals had the knowledge and qualification to ask about it. It was also important that health care professionals asked regularly, in a safe place and offered information and advice when needed. It was also important how health professionals posed the question, and how they acted while doing it. Women, however, could experience to be asked as a threat to their safety. Lack of information was also seen as an obstacle for help.

Conclusions: According to women, health care professionals must be able to meet their needs for information and have expertise in the subject. Women also want to feel safe when disclosing about intimate partner violence. Further research in the topic is encouraged. This is needed to probe favorable conditions for asking women about intimate partner violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
Women, Intimate Partner Violence, Care, Screening
Keyword [sv]
kvinnor, våld i nära relation, vård, screening
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294635OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-294635DiVA: diva2:931084
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-05-27 Created: 2016-05-26 Last updated: 2016-05-27Bibliographically approved

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