The Relationship between Mind-Body Dualism and Personal Values
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Psychological Studies, ISSN 1918-7211, E-ISSN 1918-722X, Vol. 8, no 2, 126-132 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Dualists view the mind and the body as two fundamental different “things”, equally real and independent of each other. Cartesian thought, or substance dualism, maintains that the mind and body are two different substances, the non-physical and the physical, and a causal relationship is assumed to exist between them. Physicalism, on the other hand, is the idea that everything that exists is either physical or totally dependent of and determined by physical items. Hence, all mental states are fundamentally physical states. In the current study we investigated to what degree Swedish university students’ beliefs in mind-body dualism is explained by the importance they attach to personal values. A self-report inventory was used to measure their beliefs and values. Students who held stronger dualistic beliefs attach less importance to the power value (i.e., the effort to achieve social status, prestige, and control or dominance over people and resources). This finding shows that the strength in laypeople’s beliefs in dualism is partially explained by the importance they attach to personal values.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Canadian Center of Science and Education , 2016. Vol. 8, no 2, 126-132 p.
mind-body problem, dualism, physicalism, personal values
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9351DOI: 10.5539/ijps.v8n2p126OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9351DiVA: diva2:930659
Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attributionlicense (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).2016-05-252016-05-252016-05-25