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Hydrodynamic cavitation applied to food waste anaerobic digestion
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Innovative pre-treatment methods applied to anaerobic digestion (AD) have developed to enhance the methane yields of food waste. This study investigates hydrodynamic cavitation, which induce disintegration of biomass through microbubble formations, impact on food waste solubilisation and methane production during following AD. Two different sub-streams of food waste (before and after the digestion) pre-treated by hydrodynamic cavitation were evaluated in lab scale for its potential for implementation in a full scale practise. First, the optimum condition for the hydrodynamic cavitation device was determined based on the solids and chemical changes in the food waste. The exposure time was referred to as the number of cycles that the sample was recirculated through the cavitation inducer’s region. The optimal cycles were later tested as a pre-treatment step in a BMP test and semi-CSTR lab scale operation. The tests showed that sufficient impact from the hydrodynamic cavitation was achieved by 20 cavitation cycles. Due to the pre-treatment, food waste solubilisation increased, up to 400% and 48% in terms of turbidity and sCOD measurements, respectively. In the BMP test, the treated samples improved the methane yield by 9-13%, where the digested food waste increased its kinetic constant by 60%. Fresh food waste was then processed in the semi-CSTR operation and the methane yield was increased by up to 17% with hydrodynamic cavitation for two reference periods. These promising results suggest that the hydrodynamic cavitation can be implemented for full scale production with food waste.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 51 p.
Keyword [en]
Anaerobic Digestion, Biogas, Pre-treatment, Hydrodynamic cavitation
National Category
Bioenergy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-128268OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-128268DiVA: diva2:930482
External cooperation
Scandinavian Biogas Fuels AB
Subject / course
Biotechnology
Presentation
2016-04-08, Lethe, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-05-24 Created: 2016-05-24 Last updated: 2016-05-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Output format
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