Efficiency and wear properties of spur gears made of powder metallurgy materials
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Powder metallurgy (PM) is usually used in manufacturing parts with complex geometries, such as gears and structural parts. The main attractions of PM are the high rate of material utilization, environmental friendliness of production, economic advantages (especially for complex geometries), and possibility of obtaining lighter components. To find a wide range of applications and compete with regular steel gears, PM gear transmissions should have good transmission efficiency and wear properties. Furthermore, they should have low contact noise and adequate surface fatigue properties. Because of the porosity structure of PM gears both on gear flanks and in the body, the friction and wear properties of PM gear flank contacts differ somewhat from those of regular steel gears.
This doctoral thesis examines the efficiency and wear properties of PM gears. Paper A compares the wear, friction, and damage mechanism properties of two sintered gear materials with those of a standard gear material. Paper B deals with the gear mesh torque loss mechanism of PM and regular steel gears by combining both pin-on-disc frictional and FZG efficiency tests. Paper C comparatively examines the efficiency of PM and regular steel gears by conducting FZG gear efficiency tests. Paper D focuses on the wear and friction properties of PM and regular steel gear materials treated using the triboconditioning process. Paper E studies the friction and wear properties attributable to different pore sizes in PM gear materials.
The results indicate that regular steel meshed with PM gear material and PM meshed with PM gear material are good candidate combinations for gear transmissions. This is because the porosities of PM material can lower the friction coefficient while the wear rate can be the same as or even better than that of regular steel contacts. The triboconditioning process enhances the wear resistance and reduces the friction coefficient of the PM gear material. The friction and wear coefficients of PM meshed with PM gear material display increasing trends with increasing pore size. The friction and wear coefficients of regular steel meshed with PM gear material display decreasing trends with increasing pore size.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. , 125 p.
TRITA-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2016:04
Powder Metallurgy Gears; Efficiency; Wear; Friction; Porosity Structure; FZG gear test rig
Research subject Machine Design
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-187446ISBN: 978-91-7595-963-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-187446DiVA: diva2:930150
2016-06-03, Galanta, Brinellvägen 83, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Straffelini, Giovanni, Professor
Olofsson, Ulf, Professor
QC 201605232016-05-232016-05-232016-05-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers