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Ability Grouping's Effects on Grades and the Attainment of Higher Education: A Natural Experiment
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Linköping University, Sweden.
Number of Authors: 1
2016 (English)In: Sociology of education, ISSN 0038-0407, E-ISSN 1939-8573, Vol. 89, no 2, 118-136 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To test the effect of ability grouping on grades and the attainment of higher education, this study examines a naturally occurring experimentan admission reform that dramatically increased ability sorting between schools in the municipality of Stockholm. Following six cohorts of students (N= 79,020) from the age of 16 to 26, I find a mean effect close to zero and small positive and negative differentiating effects on grades. With regard to the attainment of higher education, I find a mean effect close to zero, the achievement group gap was unaffected, the immigrant-native gap increased, and the class background gap decreased. These results are consistent with much previous research that has found small mean effects of ability grouping. They are inconsistent with previous research, however, in that I find ability grouping's effects on gaps are rather small and point in different directions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 89, no 2, 118-136 p.
Keyword [en]
achievement sorting, educational attainment, grades, natural experiment, social class, migration
National Category
Educational Sciences Sociology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-130132DOI: 10.1177/0038040716642498ISI: 000373973300003OAI: diva2:929383
Available from: 2016-05-18 Created: 2016-05-09 Last updated: 2016-10-25Bibliographically approved

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