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Multi-buoy Wave Energy Converter: Electrical Power Smoothening from Array Configuration
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This master thesis is done within the Energy Systems Engineering program at Uppsala University and performed for CorPower Ocean. Wave energy converters (WECs) are devices that utilize ocean waves for generation of electricity. The WEC developed by CorPower Ocean is small and intended to be deployed in an array. Placed in an array the different WECs will interact hydrodynamically and the combined power output is altered. The aim of this thesis is to model and investigate how the array configuration affects the electric power output. The goal is to target an optimal array layout for CorPower Ocean WECs, considering both average power and power smoothness in the optimization.


In this thesis multiple buoys have been implemented in the time-domain model at CorPower Ocean. The hydrodynamic interactions are computed using an analytical interactions theory together with a recently developed calibration method able of handling WEC bodies of complicated shapes. The array behavior in regular waves is analyzed and it is identified how the beneficial separation distances vary with wave length. It is observed that the best separation distances for high average power does not exactly correspond to the best for minimizing the peak-to-average power. Simulation results show that it is possible to obtain both high average array power as well as increased power smoothening in a regular wave. A genetic algorithm for optimizing the array configuration is designed and tested for two different array patterns. Initial simulations are conducted in realistic multi-directional irregular waves. The power smoothening capacity of the array remains even in these conditions but the exact extent of it is still uncertain.


This thesis delivers a WEC array simulation model as well as an initial view on the array characteristics of the phase controlled CorPower Ocean WEC. Additionally, it demonstrates an optimization algorithm taking both average power and power smoothness into account.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 54 p.
UPTEC ES, ISSN 1650-8300 ; 16 009
Keyword [en]
wave energy, wave power, wave energy converter, electrical power, power smoothening, wave energy converter array
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-293689OAI: diva2:928152
External cooperation
CorPower Ocean
Educational program
Master Programme in Energy Systems Engineering
Available from: 2016-05-16 Created: 2016-05-14 Last updated: 2016-05-16Bibliographically approved

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