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From structural equation modeling to macroscopic fundamental diagrams:: investigating the impact of road segments safety on network level efficiency
The George Washington University, Washington, DC.
The George Washington University, Washington, DC.
Korea University.
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology.
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2016 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The main objective of this research is to expand upon the link between network flow (mobility) and safety through the estimation of Macroscopic Fundamental Diagrams (MFD) and Structural Equation Models (SEM) with different levels of disruptions caused by different surrounding driving conditions. Analysis begins with the aggregation of microscopic level loop detector data and collision data provided by The Korea Expressway Corporation (KEC). The KEC operates highway tolls throughout South Korea and continues to expand upon the nearly 4000 km of high-speed motorways it provides. The rich, detailed collision and traffic flow data collected on these roadways makes the region an ideal candidate for the new analysis technique that is presented in this study. Three specific types of non-recurrent disruptions, as suggested by SEM results, (inclement weather conditions; increased holiday demand; increased number of collisions) are analyzed and compared in this study. By estimating and comparing MFDs for these specific cases, the differences in network level disruptions caused by these events are visualized, quantified and discussed. Additionally, by using SEM to quantify the impact of these disruptive events on safety and impedance at the link level, spatial and temporal analysis can be conducted – establishing a link between the microscopic event-based data (mainly collisions) and the macroscopic network performance measures of safety and traffic mobility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2016. 1-17 p.
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-10619OAI: diva2:927651
17th International Conference Road Safety On Five Continents (RS5C 2016), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 17-19 May 2016
Available from: 2016-05-12 Created: 2016-05-12 Last updated: 2016-05-12Bibliographically approved

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Vehicle Engineering

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