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Självskattad upplevelse av hälsa hos patienter på en psykiatrisk öppenvårdsmottagning
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Self-rated health experience in patients at a psychiatric outpatient clinic (English)
Abstract [sv]

Hälsoutveckling i Sverige går framåt, men den självskattade hälsan är låg. Självskattning är ett mått som baseras på individens egen uppfattning av sin hälsa. Hälsa är en subjektiv uppskattning där varje individ har sin syn på upplevelse av hälsa. Autonomi, social gemenskap och begriplighet är olika dimensioner av hälsobegreppet som baseras på patienters upplevelse av hälsa. Många mätinstrument inom sjukvården idag har för avsikt att mäta hälsa genom frånvaro av symtom. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur patienter på en allmänpsykiatrisk öppenvårdsmottagning självskattar sin hälsa utifrån dimensionerna autonomi, social gemenskap och begriplighet. Metoden som användes var en tvärsnittsstudie med kvantitativ ansats. En enkätundersökning utfördes under tre veckor. Resultatet baseras på 49 stycken enkäter. Resultatet visar att autonomidimensionen skattades lägst medelvärde samt att deltagarna skattade högst medelvärde på påståendet ”kan bry mig om andra”. Slutsatsen i denna studie visar att det låga värdet inom dimensionen autonomi kan bero på sjuksköterskornas arbetsklimat och medicinska synsätt. Implikationer i vården som fynden kan medföra kan vara en ökad medvetenhet kring självskattad hälsa både hos patienter och hos sjuksköterskor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract [en]

Health development in Sweden is advancing, but the self-rated health is low. Self-assessment is a measure based on the individual's own perception of their health. Health is a subjective estimate where each individual has his views on the experience of health. Autonomy, social community and understandability are different dimensions of the concept of health based on the patients' experience of health. Many measuring devices in healthcare today intends to measure  health by the absence of symptoms. The purpose of this study was to ask how patients in a general psychiatric outpatient clinic self-rate their health on the basis of the dimensions of autonomy, social community and comprehensibility. The method used was a cross-sectional study with quantitative approach. A survey was conducted over three weeks. The result is based on 49 questionnaires. The result shows that the autonomy dimension were estimated lowest average and that the participants estimated highest average on the claim "can care about others." The conclusion of this study is that one reason to low value in the dimension autonomy may depend on the nurses' working environment and medical approaches. Implications of care is that the findings may lead to an increased awareness of self-rated health among both patients and nurses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
Autonomy, comprehensibility, health, self-rated, social community
Keyword [sv]
Autonomi, begriplighet, hälsa, självskattning, social gemenskap
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30874OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-30874DiVA: diva2:927496
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-03 Created: 2016-05-12 Last updated: 2016-08-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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