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Stress inom Räddningstjänsten: En studie om samband mellan krav, kontroll, socialt stöd och brandmäns upplevda stressnivå.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Räddningstjänsten fyller en viktig funktion i samhället och har som mål att leverera effektiva räddningsinsatser till allmänhetens nytta. Samtidigt är brandmannayrket ett högriskyrke där brandmän är utsatta för sjukdomar orsakade av den fysiska arbetsmiljön som olika cancerformer. De är också utsatta för organisatoriska hälsorisker i form av negativ stress, vilket är fokus i denna uppsats. Syftet med uppsatsen var att klarlägga om det finns samband mellan psykosocial arbetsmiljö och upplevd stress hos brandmän. Frågeställningen var om krav, kontroll och socialt stöd kan predicera brandmäns upplevda stressnivå? Totalt deltog 67 brandmän ifrån två olika städer i södra Sverige. De oberoende variablerna var krav, kontroll och stöd och de uppmättes med svenska Demand Control Support Questionnaire. Stress uppmättes med svenska Perceived Stress Scale. Resultatet av en multipel regressionsanalys visade att krav och stöd var signifikanta prediktorer. Krav hade ett positivt och stöd hade ett negativt samband med stress. Kontroll kunde inte predicera stress. Resultat överensstämmer till viss del med tidigare forskning.

Abstract [en]

Fire and rescue services have an important function in society and aims to deliver effective emergency response to the public's benefit. Meanwhile, the firefighting profession a high-risk profession where firefighters are exposed to diseases caused by the physical environment as various forms of cancers. They are also exposed to organizational health risks like negative stress, which is the focus of this paper. The aim of the thesis was to make clear whether there is a relationship between psychosocial work environment and perceived stress among firefighters. The issue was whether the levels of demands, control and social support can predict firemens perceived stress level? A total of 67 firefighters from two different cities in southern Sweden participated. The independent variables were demands, control and social support, measured with Swedish Demand Control Support Questionnaire. Stress was measured with the Swedish version of the Perceived Stress Scale. Demand and social support were significant predictors. Demand had a positive relationship with stress and social support was negative associated with stress. Control could not predict stress. This result is consistent to some extent with previous research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
psychosocial, stress, demands, control, social support
Keyword [sv]
Psykosocial, stress, krav, kontroll, socialt stöd
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-52435OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-52435DiVA: diva2:927213
Subject / course
Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-05-23 Created: 2016-05-11 Last updated: 2016-05-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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