Comparison of the benthic fauna within the littoral in two affected lakes situated in central Sweden
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The benthic animals have important roles in benthic communities. Indicator organisms can tell things about a lakes status. Many of them are sensitive to acidification but there are also tolerant taxa. Some prefer eutrophic environments. The benthic fauna can therefore decide a lakes status since some species prefer different environments.
The focus of this study was to compare benthic fauna within the littoral in the lakes Sidsjön and Vintertjärnen. They are situated a little south of Sundsvall, central Sweden and belong to the water system of Selångersån. The comparison was done at eight random locals in each lake at two occasions, during early and late summer to analyze if the benthic fauna differed between the two lakes and if it changed through the season. Five of the locals in each lake were protected and had soft bottoms and the remaining were exposed locals with hard bottom.
Sidsjön is bigger than Vintertjärnen and has more variated bottom types so the biodiversity should be higher in Sidsjön. I also expect that the number of taxa should decrease during the later occasion due to hatchings.
Three statistical analyses were done to see if these hypotheses were right or if they should be rejected. The two first analyses were ANOVA analyses, two-way with replication. The first ANOVA was for number of taxa and the second was for number of animals. The third analysis was a DCA analysis with the variables lakes, bottom types and emergent plants.
ASPT index and Eq was also calculated and pH was measured during autumn for the lakes.
The conclusion is that the there is no difference between the lakes but a significant effect when it comes to seasons according to the first ANOVA analysis. The second ANOVA analysis show that the lakes are not differing, that no factor is significant and there are no interactions. According to the DCA analysis there are differences between lakes and occasions when it comes to the variables.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 42 p.
benthic fauna, biodiversity, lake, heterogeneity, phenology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-27595Local ID: BI-V16-G3-001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-27595DiVA: diva2:926545
Subject / course
International Bachelor's Programme in Biology TIBIG 180 higher education credits
Jonsson, Bengt Gunnar, ProfessorHolm, Svante, Lektor
Jonsson, Bengt Gunnar, Professor
Datum för godkännande 2016-03-312016-05-092016-05-092016-05-09Bibliographically approved