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Assessments of Advertisements on Social Networking Sites
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Centre for International Marketing and Entrepreneurship Research (CIMER).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4107-6872
2016 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Advertisements (ads) in social networking sites (SNSAs) have been considered by many researchers as a crucial area of research. However, the scope of the existing studies on consumers’ assessments of SNSAs has been very limited. Most of the existing studies on assessing SNSAs have focused on Ducoffe’s (1996) model with its three variables, and they have ignored other related variables like the credibility value and interactivity value of the advertisement, which are more logically related to SNSAs than the traditional ads. Moreover, most of these studies have been skewed towards younger users and have ignored the social networking site (SNS) users from other age categories. Finally, previous studies about the assessment of SNSAs have depended on data collected from users of popular SNSs and ignored active users from the brand communities (fans of brands on SNSs). In this thesis, the present author has emphasized these three points as the major gaps in the literature about assessing SNSAs. Moreover, to deepen our understanding of how SNS users assess SNSAs this study presents the research findings of three published papers with three different purposes and with different levels of analysis.

The first article aimed to extend Ducoffe’s (1996) model – which was used in the previous literature in assessing SNSAs – by considering the ads’ credibility and interactivity values in addition to Ducoffe’s (1996) three variables of information value, entertainment value, and irritation value. A multiple regression analysis was used to test the modified model, and based on the regression analysis of testing the five predictors, the model without the irritation value had the best coefficient of determination (R2). Moreover, coefficient analysis to test the given hypothesis and to determine the coefficients of the predictors was used. According to this survey study, the four primary variables that predicted the consumers’ assessment of the SNSAs were the information value, entertainment value, credibility value, and interactivity value. As perceived by the SNS users, the interactivity value was the strongest among the four predictors.

Based on the unexpected result ofthe irritation value of the first paper, the second paper focused on testing the extended model of the assessments of SNSAs as perceived by a different research population, in this case, brand communities’ consumers (BCCs). Based on the regression analysis of testing the five predictors, the model with the five predictors had the best coefficient of determination (R2). The coefficient analysis was used to test the given hypothesis, to determine the coefficients of the five predictors, and to form a construct equation for assessing the SNSAs. Based on this survey study, the four variables with significant positive effects on the consumers’ assessment of SNSAs were informativeness, entertainment value, credibility value, and interactivity value, while the fifth dimension (irritation value) had a significant negative coefficient on the consumers’ assessment of SNSAs. Moreover, that study provided a deeper understanding of how the BCCs assess SNSAs, and it contributed to identifying the main characteristics ofthe BCCs on an SNS.

The third paper focused on exploring the effect of national culture on the consumers’ assessment of SNSAs. The cultural features of the respondents in that study gave additional evidence about how a nation’s cultural characteristics can influence the consumers’ assessment of SNSAs. This study helped to identify how SNS users from Egypt, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom assess SNSAs. In this study, one-way analysis of variance with post hoc tests was used to compare the assessments of the three nations. Based on the empirical findings of this survey study, the three groups had significant difference F-ratios for their perception of four of the five variables for assessing SNSAs. Their perceptions of the entertainment value did not significantly differ between the three groups while the interactivity value had the strongest F-ratio.

The overall purpose of this study was to deepen our understanding of how SNS users are assessing SNSAs in different settings by considering SNS users, BCCs, and others from various nations. All of the studies presented here have focused on variables for assessing the ads that have been used by other researchers in different research contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2016. , 120 p.
Series
Halmstad University Dissertations, 20
Keyword [en]
Internet Marketing, Advertisements, Social networking sites, Assessment of advertisements, National Culture, Brand communities
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30847Libris ID: 19535064ISBN: 978-91-87045-43-1 (print)ISBN: 978-91-87045-42-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-30847DiVA: diva2:926488
Presentation
2016-06-13, O125, Halmstad University, Halmstad, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-05-17 Created: 2016-05-08 Last updated: 2017-05-16Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Factors Predicting Consumers’ Assessment of Advertisements on Social Networking Sites
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors Predicting Consumers’ Assessment of Advertisements on Social Networking Sites
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Digital Information and Wireless Communications (IJDIWC), ISSN 2225-658X, E-ISSN 2225-658X, Vol. 5, no 2, 111-123 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Marketers act on social networking sites (SNSs) in order to be more efficient in merchandising their products and/or services. Even so, the scope of the published studies regarding the assessment of advertisements on social networking sites (SNAs) is limited. Consequently, the present study aimed to consider credibility and interactivity, in addition to information, entertainment and irritation values, as main factors for consumers’ assessment of SNAs, as perceived by SNSs’ users.An analysis of empirical data helped to identify four main factors for assessing SNAs. These were: information value, entertainment value, credibility value and interactivity value. Irritation value was the only factor that had no significant effect on the assessment of SNAs. Furthermore, based on the beta coefficients, the information and entertainment values of SNAs, in conjunction with credibility and interactivity values, had different outcomes from previous studies. Consequently, the interactivity value was the strongest among the four predictors for assessing SNAs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hong Kong: Society of Digital Information and Wireless Communications, 2015
National Category
Communication Studies Information Systems, Social aspects Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-28127 (URN)10.17781/P001671 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-04-20 Created: 2015-04-20 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
2. The assessments of social networking advertisements; as perceived by brand communities consumers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The assessments of social networking advertisements; as perceived by brand communities consumers
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Current Research, ISSN 0975-833X, E-ISSN 0975-833X, Vol. 7, no 8, 19787-19796 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite the extensive research in the context of brand communities on social networking sites (SNSs), the theoretical foundations underlying consumers’ assessment of advertisements on SNSs’ brand communities was not yet explored. The present study consequently aimed to explore how SNSs’ brand communities’ consumers assess social networks’ advertisements (SNAs). Regression analysis was used to identify the best fit model, and the most effective predictors on the assessment of SNAs. From the collected data, four dimensions had positive significant effects on the consumers’ assessment (informativeness, entertainment value, credibility value and interactivity value), while the fifth dimension (irritation value) had a significant negative effect. The results of this study had some contradictions with some results on previous studies, and confirmed other results. Moreover, the researchers used the descriptive analysis to gain deeper understanding of how the brand communities’ consumers (BCCs) on SNSs assess SNAs, and to identify the main characteristics of the BCCs on SNSs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Villupuram: T. Manikandan, 2015
Keyword
Brand communities, Social networking sites, Advertisements' value, Social networking advertisement
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29476 (URN)
Available from: 2015-09-17 Created: 2015-09-17 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
3. The Effect of Culture on the Consumers’ Assessment of Advertisements on Social Networking Sites: Cross-cultural analysis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Effect of Culture on the Consumers’ Assessment of Advertisements on Social Networking Sites: Cross-cultural analysis
2015 (English)In: 2015 Fifth International Conference on Digital Information Processing and Communications (ICDIPC), Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2015, 127-135 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Do consumers of the same brand from different culture have the same perceptions while assessing the advertisements on Social Networking Sites’ (SNSAs)? To answer this question, the data for this study were collected from brand communities’ consumers (BCCs) on SNSs. 278 respondents from three different cultural backgrounds (Egyptians, Dutch and British) answered the questionnaires. Five main variables to collect the consumers’ assessment of SNSAs were tested (information value, entertainment value, credibility value, interactivity value, and irritation value). Based on the empirical findings, the three groups perceived five of the six variables with significant difference F ratios. Consequently, their perception of the entertainment value of SNSAs has no significant differences between the three groups. Based on the cross-cultural theory, the findings of this study have some agreements and some contradictions, especially the influences of power distance and uncertainly avoidance. Moreover, the researchers used the One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Post Hoc tests to compare between the assessments of the three groups. ©2015 IEEE

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2015
Keyword
Cross-cultural, Advertisements, Social Networking Sites, Assessment of advertisements
National Category
Communication Studies Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30031 (URN)10.1109/ICDIPC.2015.7323018 (DOI)000380497100022 ()2-s2.0-84962828468 (Scopus ID)978-1-4673-6831-5 (ISBN)978-1-4673-6832-2 (ISBN)
Conference
The Fifth International Conference on Digital Information Processing and Communications (ICDIPC2015), October 7-9, 2015, Sierra, Switzerland
Available from: 2015-12-15 Created: 2015-12-15 Last updated: 2016-11-30Bibliographically approved

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