Gravar i Gränslandet: En osteoarkeologisk jämförelse mellan gravfält från yngre järnåldern i Västmanland
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Köping is a small town in Västmanland, which is situated in the westernmost part of Lake Mälaren and in the southeast of Bergslagen. Köping was established and received its rights as a town in 1474. However, archaeological findings showthat Köping was a settlement in late prehistoric and early historic periods and continued to be an important place up until recent times. Due to the location Köping was a marketplace with connections and good fairways from all directions and most of all by LakeMälaren. Ancient monuments and remains indicate thatKöping were well established in the early Iron Age and mainly in the Vendel era in 550-800 A.D, which is the era in focus here. Even though there are many archaeological remains in and around Köping very little research has been done. There have been several excavations but there have been few further studies and close to no osteological analyzes. This paper will deal with four burial grounds which all were mostly excavated in the first half of the 20thcentury, and are briefly reported. The burial sites are all located in Köping with at the most 5 km from each other, and were all used during the Vendel era. Two of the sites, Jämmertuna and Kramsta, mainly have stone-settings with cremated bones. One of the sites is located next to a great tumulus called Ströbohög, and consists of smaller mounds and stone-settings. All with cremated bones. The last one is a burial site that is called Norsa which consists of both stone-settings with cremated bones and also burials containing boatgraves and chamber tombs. All of these burial customs are common in Mälardalen during this time. What is interesting is the location, inhumation of the cemeteriesand also that they have not beenused for a long period of time. A comparative study is presented of a similar butlarger site in Tuna in Badelunda, Västerås, which is located about 40 km from Köping. This will be an osteoarchaeological study with the purpose to understand this characterof the areaduring this time as the westernmost part of Lake Mälaren and as a part of Bergslagen. There seems to be a difference regarding the customs and who are represented in the burial ground even though they are from the same time and place, thereforethere will also be a comparisonbetween the different sites regarding the human remains and burial customs.The difference is seen mainly in the individuals, regarding both the male and female presence and also regarding the animals represented in the different graves. This may be connected to aborderlandphenomenonwere different traditions and customs were mixed and assimilated.This study contributeswith more knowledge of the time and place, both within the town and to Mälardalen/Bergslagenin general.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 81 p.
Osteologi, gravfält, yngre järnåldern, Västmanland
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-129934OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-129934DiVA: diva2:925891