The impact of GPCR structures on understanding receptor function and ligand binding
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) form the largest superfamily of eukaryotic membrane proteins and are responsible for the action of nearly 30% of all marketed drugs. For a long period, efforts to study these receptors were limited by the paucity of atomic-resolution structural information. Numerous receptors spread across the GPCR superfamily have recently been crystallized, revealing crucial clues about receptor function and ligand recognition. The work in this thesis has primarily focused on using computational techniques to capitalize on this increasing amount of structural information. In papers I, II, and III protocols were developed to identify novel ligands for pharmaceutically important targets from in silico screens of large chemical libraries. In these papers, the fragment-based lead discovery (FBLD) approach was evaluated for GPCR targets using molecular docking screens. The high hit-rates obtained in these studies indicate promise for the use of computational approaches for fragment screening. In paper IV, molecular dynamics was used to identify a possible role for a conserved ionizable residue (Asp792.50) as a protonation switch during the activation process of the β2 adrenergic receptor. Analyses from this paper indicated that this residue could also perform a similar function in other class A GPCRs. Papers V and VI detail the modeling strategy followed during the GPCR Dock 2013 assessment to blindly predict the structure of two serotonin receptor subtypes (5-HT1B and 5-HT2B) bound to ergotamine. The developed ligand-steered homology modeling protocol was largely successful resulting in the best-ranked predictions for the 5-HT1B subtype. It is hoped that the work described in this thesis has highlighted the potential for structure-based computational approaches to identify novel ligands for important pharmaceutical targets and improve understanding of GPCR function.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University , 2016. , 56 p.
Biological Sciences Theoretical Chemistry
Research subject Biochemistry towards Bioinformatics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-129879ISBN: 978-91-7649-431-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-129879DiVA: diva2:925618
2016-06-09, William-Olssonsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Keserű, György, Professor
Carlsson, Jens, Dr
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 3: Manuscript.2016-05-172016-05-022016-05-19Bibliographically approved
List of papers