Strings, Gravitons, and Effective Field Theories
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis concerns a range of aspects of theoretical physics. It is composed of two parts. In the first part we motivate our line of research, and introduce and discuss the relevant concepts. In the second part, four research papers are collected. The first paper deals with a possible extension of general relativity, namely the recently discovered classically consistent bimetric theory. In this paper we study the behavior of perturbations of the metric(s) around cosmologically viable background solutions. In the second paper, we explore possibilities for particle physics with low-scale supersymmetry. In particular we consider the addition of supersymmetric higher-dimensional operators to the minimal supersymmetric standard model, and study collider phenomenology in this class of models. The third paper deals with a possible extension of the notion of Lie algebras within category theory. Considering Lie algebras as objects in additive symmetric ribbon categories we define the proper Killing form morphism and explore its role towards a structure theory of Lie algebras in this setting. Finally, the last paper is concerned with the computation of string amplitudes in four dimensional models with reduced supersymmetry. In particular, we develop general techniques to compute amplitudes involving gauge bosons and gravitons and explicitly compute the corresponding three- and four-point functions. On the one hand, these results can be used to extract important pieces of the effective actions that string theory dictates, on the other they can be used as a tool to compute the corresponding field theory amplitudes.
Over the last twenty years there have been spectacular observations and experimental achievements in fundamental physics. Nevertheless all the physical phenomena observed so far can still be explained in terms of two old models, namely the Standard Model of particle physics and the ΛCDM cosmological model. These models are based on profoundly different theories, quantum field theory and the general theory of relativity. There are many reasons to believe that the SM and the ΛCDM are effective models, that is they are valid at the energy scales probed so far but need to be extended and generalized to account of phenomena at higher energies. There are several proposals to extend these models and one promising theory that unifies all the fundamental interactions of nature: string theory.
With the research documented in this thesis we contribute with four tiny drops to the filling of the fundamental physics research pot. When the pot will be saturated, the next fundamental discovery will take place.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2016. , 57 p.
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2016:30
string theory, amplitudes, supersymmetry, particle phenomenology, BMSSM, modified gravity, bimetric, massive gravity, Lie algebras, ribbon categories
Other Physics Topics
Research subject Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41912ISBN: 978-91-7063-708-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-41912DiVA: diva2:925036
2016-06-03, 21A342, Karlstad University, Karlstad, 13:00 (English)
Minahan, Joseph A., Professor
List of papers