Elevated Levels of SOX10 in Serum from Vitiligo and Melanoma Patients, Analyzed by Proximity Ligation Assay
2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 4, e0154214Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The diagnosis of malignant melanoma currently relies on clinical inspection of the skin surface and on the histopathological status of the excised tumor. The serum marker S100B is used for prognostic estimates at later stages of the disease, but analyses are marred by false positives and inadequate sensitivity in predicting relapsing disorder.
To investigate SOX10 as a potential biomarker for melanoma and vitiligo.
In this study we have applied proximity ligation assay (PLA) to detect the transcription factor SOX10 as a possible serum marker for melanoma. We studied a cohort of 110 melanoma patients. We further investigated a second cohort of 85 patients with vitiligo, which is a disease that also affects melanocytes.
The specificity of the SOX10 assay in serum was high, with only 1% of healthy blood donors being positive. In contrast, elevated serum SOX10 was found with high frequency among vitiligo and melanoma patients. In patients with metastases, lack of SOX10 detection was associated with treatment benefit. In two responding patients, a change from SOX10 positivity to undetectable levels was seen before the response was evident clinically.
We show for the first time that SOX10 represents a promising new serum melanoma marker for detection of early stage disease, complementing the established S100B marker. Our findings imply that SOX10 can be used to monitor responses to treatment and to assess if the treatment is of benefit at stages earlier than what is possible radiologically.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 11, no 4, e0154214
sox10 proximity ligation assay
Cell and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-289194DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0154214ISI: 000374970600050PubMedID: 27110718OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-289194DiVA: diva2:924845
FunderEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 294409EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 316929Swedish Research Council