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Congenital intestinal malrotation in adolescent and adult patients: a 12-year clinical and radiological survey
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
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2016 (English)In: SpringerPlus, E-ISSN 2193-1801, Vol. 5, 245Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Congenital intestinal malrotation is mainly detected in childhood and caused by incomplete rotation and fixation of the intestines providing the prerequisites for life-threatening volvulus of the midgut. The objective of this study was to evaluate a large cohort of adult patients with intestinal malrotation. Thirty-nine patients, 15-67 years, were diagnosed and admitted to a university setting with congenital intestinal malrotation 2002-2013. The patients were divided into three age groups for stratified evaluation. Medical charts were scrutinized, and clinical outcome of surgery was reviewed. Twelve patients presented as emergency cases, whereas 27 were admitted as elective cases. Diagnosis was established in 33 patients who underwent radiological investigation and in the remaining 6 during surgery. A Ladd's operation was performed in 31 symptomatic patients; a conservative strategy was chosen in eight cases. Volvulus was more common in the younger age group. Twenty-six surgically treated patients were available for telephone interview, 1-12 years after surgery. All patients, except one, regarded their general condition improved to a high degree (n = 18) or with some reservation (n = 7). Twelve patients suffered remaining abdominal pain of a chronic and diffuse character. Due to recurrence of malrotation six patients were reoperated. Symptomatic malrotation occurs in both children and the adult population. Improved awareness and an accurately performed CT scan can reveal the malformation and enable surgical treatment. A Ladd's procedure relieved most patients from their severe complaints even when a history of several years of suffering existed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 5, 245
Keyword [en]
Malrotation, Intestinal volvulus, Adult, Ladd's procedure
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging Gastroenterology and Hepatology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119668DOI: 10.1186/s40064-016-1842-0ISI: 000373219000005PubMedID: 27026938OAI: diva2:924310
Available from: 2016-04-28 Created: 2016-04-25 Last updated: 2016-04-28Bibliographically approved

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Gunnarsson, UlfStrigård, Karin
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