Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Patienters upplevelser i samband med rehabilitering efter stroke: En beskrivande litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Stroke är en folksjukdom som drabbar ungefär 30 000 personer i Sverige varje år och beräknas kosta samhället runt 18 miljarder kronor. Rehabiliteringen efter stroke är ofta intensiv, mångfacetterad och långvarig.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva patienters upplevelser i samband med rehabiliteringen efter stroke samt att beskriva undersökningsgruppen i de ingående artiklarna.

Metod: En beskrivande litteraturstudie som grundar sig på 12 kvalitativa artiklars resultat.

Resultat: Stroke upplevdes som en omvälvande livshändelse och huvudmålet med all rehabilitering var att få återgå till det liv som patienterna levt innan stroken. Hoppet om att återfå förlorade funktioner upplevdes som viktigt och varje tecken på förbättring gav motivation till fortsatt rehabilitering. Det var stor kontrast mellan de patienter som upplevde delaktighet i rehabiliteringsprocessen och de som önskade att de hade haft ett större inflytande. Kvinnor upplevde sig mindre delaktiga än män. Det framkom att patienter upplevde att de hade skrivits ut för tidigt från strokeenheten och inte förberetts tillräckligt inför hemkomsten. Den nedsatta funktionsnivån blev mycket tydligare när de kom tillbaka till sin vardag hemma och de saknade den nära kontakten och erfarenhetsutbytet som de hade haft med andra patienter på sjukhuset.

Slutsats: Det framkom att patienter med stroke har skilda upplevelser beträffande mål, stöd, information och delaktighet i rehabiliteringen. Ett individanpassat förhållningsätt till patienters målsättningar är betydelsefullt och adekvat information viktigt. Ändamålsenligt stöd från vårdpersonal bidrar till ökad delaktighet samt ökar patientens förmåga att utföra och klara av aktiviteter i rehabiliteringen.

Abstract [en]

Background: Stroke is a disease that affects approximately 30,000 people in Sweden each year, and is estimated to cost society around SEK 18 billion. Rehabilitation after stroke is often intense, multi-faceted and long lasting.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to describe patients' experiences of rehabilitation after stroke and to describe the study group in the included articles.

Methods: A descriptive literature review based on 12 qualitative studies.

Results: Stroke was perceived as a disruptive life events and the main goal of all rehabilitation was to return to the life that patients lived before the stroke.The hope of regaining lost functions were perceived as important and any signs of improvement gave motivation to continue rehabilitation.The contrast was considerable between those patients who experienced participation in the rehabilitation process, and those who wished they had a bigger influence.Women felt less involved than men. It was revealed that the patients felt that they had been discharged prematurely from the stroke unit and were not prepared for the homecoming. Their reduced abilities became much clearer when they returned to their everyday lives at home and they lacked the close contact and the exchange of experiences they had had with other patients in the hospital.

Conclusion: It was found that patients with stroke have different experiences regarding goals, support, information and participation in rehabilitation. An individualized approach to patient goals is significant and adequate information is important. Effective support from health professionals contribute to increased participation and increase the patient's ability to perform and manage activities in the rehabilitation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
patient perception, qualitative research, rehabilitation, stroke
Keyword [sv]
kvalitativ forskning, patient perspektiv, rehabilitering, stroke
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21441OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21441DiVA: diva2:923666
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-05-04 Created: 2016-04-27 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(538 kB)237 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 538 kBChecksum SHA-512
3c9618d9e10d422178d8cd17223e43eef38a83f6dad2a00c01657a5e41770fb64fc0b3b3de4abd729e203ce1263ef1ee25dc3bfc6a82ed949133a043682cf088
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Health and Caring Sciences
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 237 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 353 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf