Real-Time Estimation of Aerodynamic Parameters
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Extensive testing is performed when a new aircraft is developed. Flight testing is costly and time consuming but there are aspects of the process that can be made more efficient. A program that estimates aerodynamic parameters during flight could be used as a tool when deciding to continue or abort a flight from a safety or data collecting perspective. The algorithm of such a program must function in real time, which for this application would mean a maximum delay of a couple of seconds, and it must handle telemetric data, which might have missing samples in the data stream.
Here, a conceptual program for real-time estimation of aerodynamic parameters is developed. Two estimation methods and four methods for handling of missing data are compared. The comparisons are performed using both simulated data and real flight test data.
The first estimation method uses the least squares algorithm in the frequency domain and is based on the chirp z-transform. The second estimation method is created by adding boundary terms in the frequency domain differentiation and instrumental variables to the first method. The added boundary terms result in better estimates at the beginning of the excitation and the instrumental variables result in a smaller bias when the noise levels are high. The second method is therefore chosen in the algorithm of the conceptual program as it is judged to have a better performance than the first. The sequential property of the transform ensures functionality in real-time and the program has a maximum delay of just above one second.
The four compared methods for handling missing data are to discard the missing data, hold the previous value, use linear interpolation or regard the missing samples as variations in the sample time. The linear interpolation method performs best on analytical data and is compared to the variable sample time method using simulated data. The results of the comparison using simulated data varies depending on the other implementation choices but neither method is found to give unbiased results. In the conceptual program, the variable sample time method is chosen as it gives a lower variance and is preferable from an implementational point of view.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 83 p.
Least squares, Chirp z-transform, Instrumental variables, Missing data
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127467ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--16/4929--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-127467DiVA: diva2:923612
Subject / course
Linder, JonasLarsson, Roger