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Hur äldre personer påverkas av att interagera med djur: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: The number of elderly people in Sweden is constantly increasing. Depressive symptoms like anxiety, loss of sleep, and feelings of hopelessness are common amongst elderly people. In Sweden there is a pet in every third household. Contact with animals has been seen to increase some substances in the human body, which has led to positive effects on the human being.Aim: The aim is to describe how elderly people themselves, or by others, are described to be affected by interactions with animals, and to describe the method of selection in the scientific articles.Method: To answer the aim and the formulation of questions of this literature review, a descriptive design was used. The study was based on 13 scientific articles which were found using the databases PubMed and Cinahl.Results: Interactions with animals, regardless of species, are shown to be a positive and appreciated feature in the every-day life of elderly people. Interactions with animals led to an increase in social behavior by participants seeking contact and conversing with other people, an increase in physical activity by walking and playing with the animals, a better mood with more joy, and an increase in quality of life because the participants has had company and someone who gave meaning to their every-day life. Several different methods of selection were used in the scientific articles, and purposive sample were the most commonly practiced.Conclusion: Elderly people are positively affected by interactions with animals through an increase in social behavior, an increase in physical activity, a better mood with more joy and an increase in quality of life. The writers of this study believe that Animal Assisted Therapy seems possible to implement within the healthcare system.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Antalet äldre personer i Sverige ökar ständigt. Bland äldre personer är det vanligt förekommande med depressiva symtom så som oro, sömnlöshet och känslor av hopplöshet. I vart tredje hushåll i Sverige finns minst ett husdjur, och djur har setts öka olika ämnen i kroppen som ger en positiv effekt på människan.Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva hur äldre personer själva eller av andra beskrivs påverkas av att interagera med djur samt att beskriva de vetenskapliga artiklarnas urvalsmetod.Metod: För att besvara litteraturstudiens syfte och frågeställningar användes en deskriptiv design. Studien baserades på 13 vetenskapliga artiklar som söktes fram med hjälp av databaserna PubMed och Cinahl.Huvudresultat: Interaktioner med djur, oavsett art, har visats vara ett positivt och uppskattat inslag i vardagen. Interaktioner med djur ledde till ett ökat socialt beteende hos de äldre genom att deltagarna sökte kontakt och konverserade mer med andra människor, en ökad fysisk aktivitet genom promenader och lek med djuren, ett bättre humör med mer glädje samt en ökad livskvalitet genom att deltagarna haft sällskap av någon som gett deltagarna en mening med vardagen. I de vetenskapliga artiklarna har flera olika urvalsmetoder använts, den mest förekommande var ett ändamålsenligt urval.Slutsats: Äldre personer påverkas positivt av att interagera med djur genom ett ökat socialt beteende, en ökad fysisk aktivitet, ett bättre humör med mer glädje samt en ökad livskvalitet. Terapi med hjälp av djur verkar vara tillämpningsbart inom vården.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 19 p.
Keyword [sv]
Animal Assisted Therapy, Husdjur, Livskvalitet, Äldre
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21439OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21439DiVA: diva2:923254
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-05-04 Created: 2016-04-26 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved

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