Design and characterization of nanoparticles and their assemblies: Transmission electron microscopy investigations from atomic to mesoscopic length scales
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is a powerful and versatile tool for investigating nanomaterials. In this thesis, various transmission electron microscopy techniques are used to study the chemical and structural features of different types of inorganic nanoparticles of well-defined morphologies as well as their assemblies. The synthesis of spherical and anisotropic nanoparticles (iron oxide nanocubes and other morphologies, gadolinium orthophosphate nanorods, tungsten oxide nanowires and nanorods, palladium nanospheres, and facetted iron-manganese oxides hybrid nanoparticles) using thermal decomposition of metal complex precursors in high-boiling point organic solvents and hydrothermal process are described in details.
Electron diffraction tomography (3D EDT) is a recently developed technique that is used to investigate the 3D structure of crystalline materials. Reciprocal space volume reconstruction of 3D EDT data of thin WO3 nanowires assembled into nanorods revealed single crystal domains of hexagonal symmetry. Moreover, the use of 3D EDT enabled to identify and solve the structures of individual GdPO4 nanorods in a mixed phase powder. The use of 3D EDT was extended using small-angle diffraction mode to investigate the packing arrangements and defects in nanoparticle assemblies. A high concentration of planar defects found in different nanoparticle assemblies highlights the competition between the fcc and hcp arrangements during the assembly process.
Iron-manganese oxides hybrid nanoparticles with different three-dimensional configurations, i.e. core|shell and asymmetric facetted dimers, were investigated using a combination of several electron microscopy techniques (HRTEM, SAED, STEM-HAADF, EFTEM, EELS). The growth of the facetted cubic MnO phase onto preformed Fe3O4 seed particles occurs preferentially along the Fe3O4 nanocube edges forming a well-oriented crystalline interface despite the lattice mismatch and defects. Atomic resolution monitoring of the structural changes in Mn3O4|Fe3O4 and Fe3O4|Mn3O4 core|shell nanoparticles induced by the electron beam revealed a strain relief mechanism at the interface involving inhomogeneous diffusion of cations and defects creation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Stockholm University , 2016. , 66 p.
nanoparticles, electron microscopy
Research subject Materials Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-129569ISBN: 978-91-7649-405-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-129569DiVA: diva2:923226
2016-06-02, Magnéli Hall, Arrhenius Laboratory, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Manna, Liberato, Prof.
Bergström, Lennart, Prof.
FunderKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 4: Manuscript. Paper 5: Manuscript.2016-05-102016-04-252016-04-27Bibliographically approved
List of papers