Surviving the loss of a child, a spouse, or both: Implications on life satisfaction and mortality in older ages
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Losing a loved one – a child or a spouse –is described as one of the most stressful or negative experience of a person’s life. Aging is associated with a higher risk of the death of close family members, yet few studies have investigated the impact of such losses on different health outcomes either by type of loss or by the combined loss of both a child and a spouse. This thesis is based on three studies examining the effect of bereavement on the health of older adults who have lost a child, spouse, or both and whether the different losses were associated with Life Satisfaction (LS) or mortality. The sample was collected from the Swedish National Study of Aging and Care (SNAC).
The results showed that the loss of a child, spouse or both was experienced as among the three most important negative life events in the bereaved groups. About 70% of those bereaved of a child or a spouse mentioned these losses as among their three most important negative life experiences. In the child-and-spouse-bereaved group, 48% mentioned both losses while 40% mentioned only the loss of a child or a spouse, but not both. However, only marginally effects on LS and mortality after child, spouse or child-spouse bereavement in older adults was found. Longer time since the loss was associated with higher LS and lower mortality risk, and type of loss did not seem to determine LS or mortality. Gender differences were found: child-, spouse and child-and-spouse-bereaved men had lower LS than the corresponding groups of bereaved women, and furthermore, child-bereaved men had an increased mortality risk compared to child-bereaved women. Finally, significantly more women in the child-and-spouse-bereaved group compared to the men in this group, mentioned the loss of their child but not the spouse, among the three most important negative life events.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press , 2016. , 96 p.
Linnaeus University Dissertations, 250/2016
negative life events, child and spouse loss, bereavement, older adults
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Social Sciences, Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-52215ISBN: 978-91-88357-16-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-52215DiVA: diva2:922766
2016-05-20, Wicksell, Hus K, Växjö, 13:00 (Swedish)
Ahlström, Gerd, professor
Rennemark, Mikael, professorStenström, Ulf, associate professor
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