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Erfarenheter av bedside rapportering ur ett sjuksköterske- & patientperspektiv.: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Bedside rapportering kan göra patienterna mer delaktiga i vården vilket kan medföra ett patientcentrerat förhållningssätt.  Både sjuksköterskan och patienten involveras genom bedside rapportering som kräver likväl ett patientcentrerat förhållningssätt som en god kommunikativ förmåga hos sjuksköterskan. Studier visar att patienter kan uppleva brister i sjuksköterskans kommunikativa förmåga, som att sjuksköterskan inte delger tillräcklig information samt gör egna antaganden om patientens behov. Kunskap om erfarenheter av bedside rapportering behöver därmed belysas.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva erfarenheter av bedside rapportering ur ett sjuksköterske- och patientperspektiv samt beskriva de undersökningsgrupper som valdes ut i de granskade studierna.

Metod: Beskrivande litteraturstudie med tio vetenskapliga studier av kvalitativ eller mixad ansats som kodades och kategoriserades. Litteratursökningarna gjordes i PubMed med fritext och MeSH-termer.

Resultat: Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskornas kommunikativa förmåga i samband med bedside rapportering är viktig för att göra patienterna delaktiga. Bedside rapportering gav en stärkt relation mellan sjuksköterskorna och patienterna samt minskade risken för felaktig information. Bedside rapporten ansågs vara mer effektiv men väckte frågor angående konfidentialitet och sekretess. De flesta deltagarna i de inkluderade studierna var kvinnor. Nio av tio utfördes i Australien på olika avdelningar, exempelvis medicinavdelningar.

Slutsats: Patienter ville veta vad som pågick i deras vård och sjuksköterskor beskrev att bedside rapportering ökade patienternas delaktighet. Bedside rapportering väckte även frågor angående konfidentialitet och patientcentrerad vård och kräver att sjuksköterskan har en god kommunikativ förmåga.

Abstract [en]

Background: Bedside handover can make the patients more involved in their care wich can contribute to a patient-centered approach. Both nurses and patients can get involved through the bedside handover wich requires a patient-centered appoach and puts demands on the nurses communicative ability. Studys show that the patients experience flaws in the nurses ability to communicate, like if the nurse doen’t provide enough information and makes assumption about the patients needs. Knowledge about experiences of bedside handover is therefore required.

Aim: The aim was to describe experiences of bedside handover through a nurse and patient perspective and also to describe the sample group used in the audited studies.

Method: A descriptive literature review with ten scientific articles using a qualitative and mixed method approach that were coded and categorized. The search for literature were made in PubMed using free text and MeSH- terms.

Result: The nurses communicative abilities associated with bedside handover was important in making the patients more involved in their care. Bedside handover provided a strengthened relationship between the nurses and the patients and also limited the risks of incorrect information. The bedside handover was concidered beeing more effective but raised questions regarding confidentiality and secrecy. Most of the participants in the included studys were women. Nine out of ten were conducted in Australia on different wards, for example medicinewards. 

Conclusion: The patients wanted to know whats going on regarding their care and the nurses described that bedside handover increaced the patients inolvment in care. Bedside handover raised questions about confidentiality and patient-centered care wich demands that the nurses have a good communicative ability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
Bedside handover, Communication, Involvment, Experiences
Keyword [sv]
Bedside rapportering, Kommunikation, Delaktighet, Erfarenheter
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21432OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21432DiVA: diva2:922471
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-05-04 Created: 2016-04-22 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved

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