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Personer med fetmas upplevelse av livskvalitet: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Sustainable development
Sustainable development according to the University's criteria is not relevant for the essay/thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Under perioden 1980 till 2014 har prevalensen av fetma i världen mer än fördubblats. Samhällets utveckling ses ha en negativ inverkan då konsumtionen av kaloririk mat har ökat samtidigt som graden av fysisk aktivitet har minskat. Fetma klassas som en folksjukdom och kan leda till följdsjukdomar som t.ex. hjärt- och kärlsjukdomar, diabetes typ 2 och cancer.

 

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva vuxna personer med fetmas upplevelse av livskvalitet samt undersöka vilken kvalitet artiklarna hade med fokus på datainsamlingsmetod.

 

Metod: En litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design som innefattar 12 artiklar, varav tio med kvantitativ ansats och två med kvalitativ ansats.

 

Huvudresultat: Fetma är ett tillstånd som setts påverka livskvalitén negativt, dessutom har en prevalensökning av psykisk ohälsa i form av ångest och depression setts. Personer med fetma upplevde oftare att de blev diskriminerade och stigmatiserade för sin vikt än normalviktiga och diskriminering påverkade deras psykiska välmående, livskvalitet och livstillfredsställelse negativt. Personer med fetma upplevde sig begränsade i sin vardag samt att deras sociala relationer påverkades negativt, bland annat i form av försämrat stöd från sin omgivning och social isolering.

 

Slutsatser: Forskning visar att livskvaliteten påverkas negativt hos personer med fetma. De upplever också diskriminering, stigmatisering och påverkan på sociala relationer oftare, och drabbas i större utsträckning av ångest och depressioner än normalviktiga. Genom respektfullt bemötande, förståelse och omtanke kan risken för diskriminering och stigmatisering minskas, och deras autonomi och tilltro till hälso- och sjukvården stärkas.

Abstract [en]

Background: During the period of 1980 to 2014, the global prevalence of obesity has more than doubled. The societal development is seen to have a negative influence on obesity since the consumption of caloric food has increased while the degree of physical activity has decreased. Obesity is classified as an endemic disease and can cause sequelae such as coronary-artery disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer.

 

Aim: The aim of the literature study was to describe obese adults' experience of quality of life and to examine the articles' quality with focus on their data collection method.

 

Method: A literature study with a descriptive design comprised of 12 articles, ten of which has a quantitative design and two whom have a qualitative design.

 

Main results: Obesity is a condition which is seen to negatively impact quality of life. A prevalence increase in psychiatric illness in the form of anxiety and depression has also been observed. Persons with obesity experienced discrimination and stigmatization more often than normal weight individuals, and discrimination negatively impacted their psychiatric well-being, quality of life and life satisfaction. They also experienced restrictions in their daily lives and a negative impact on their social relationships, including less support from their surroundings and social isolation.

 

Conclusions: Research shows that the quality of life is negatively affected in obese persons. They experience discrimination, stigmatization and impacted social relationships more often, and are affected in greater occurrence by anxiety and depression than those with normal weight. Through respectful treatment, understanding and consideration the risk of discrimination and stigmatization can be diminished, and their autonomy and trust for the healthcare service be strengthened.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Adults, Obesity, Quality of Life
Keyword [sv]
Fetma, Livskvalitet, Vuxna
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21430OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21430DiVA: diva2:922232
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-05-04 Created: 2016-04-22 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved

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