Image Analysis and Deep Learning for Applications in Microscopy
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Quantitative microscopy deals with the extraction of quantitative measurements from samples observed under a microscope. Recent developments in microscopy systems, sample preparation and handling techniques have enabled high throughput biological experiments resulting in large amounts of image data, at biological scales ranging from subcellular structures such as fluorescently tagged nucleic acid sequences to whole organisms such as zebrafish embryos. Consequently, methods and algorithms for automated quantitative analysis of these images have become increasingly important. These methods range from traditional image analysis techniques to use of deep learning architectures.
Many biomedical microscopy assays result in fluorescent spots. Robust detection and precise localization of these spots are two important, albeit sometimes overlapping, areas for application of quantitative image analysis. We demonstrate the use of popular deep learning architectures for spot detection and compare them against more traditional parametric model-based approaches. Moreover, we quantify the effect of pre-training and change in the size of training sets on detection performance. Thereafter, we determine the potential of training deep networks on synthetic and semi-synthetic datasets and their comparison with networks trained on manually annotated real data. In addition, we present a two-alternative forced-choice based tool for assisting in manual annotation of real image data. On a spot localization track, we parallelize a popular compressed sensing based localization method and evaluate its performance in conjunction with different optimizers, noise conditions and spot densities. We investigate its sensitivity to different point spread function estimates.
Zebrafish is an important model organism, attractive for whole-organism image-based assays for drug discovery campaigns. The effect of drug-induced neuronal damage may be expressed in the form of zebrafish shape deformation. First, we present an automated method for accurate quantification of tail deformations in multi-fish micro-plate wells using image analysis techniques such as illumination correction, segmentation, generation of branch-free skeletons of partial tail-segments and their fusion to generate complete tails. Later, we demonstrate the use of a deep learning-based pipeline for classifying micro-plate wells as either drug-affected or negative controls, resulting in competitive performance, and compare the performance from deep learning against that from traditional image analysis approaches.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. , 76 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1371
Machine learning, Deep learning, Image analysis, Quantitative microscopy, Bioimaging
Research subject Computerized Image Processing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-283846ISBN: 978-91-554-9567-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-283846DiVA: diva2:919645
2016-06-09, 2446, ITC, Lägerhyddsvägen 2, Hus 2, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Rieger, Bernd, Associate Professor
Wählby, Carolina, Professor
List of papers