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Learning from Multinational Enterprises:Knowledge flows through labour mobility
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.). (Entrepreneurship and innovation)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8958-7554
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Labour mobility is one mechanism through which technology and innovation frommultinational enterprises (MNEs) may be transferred to non-multinational enterprises(non-MNEs). Previous research has predominantly focused on such transfers as MNEsfrom developed economies have located to less developed countries. The objective of thispaper is to investigate how labour mobility between MNEs and other firms in a developedeconomy impacts innovation. Using employer-employee panel data on Swedish firms overa 10-year period, we find empirical evidence that spillover through hiring workerspreviously employed at MNEs, particularly domestically owned MNEs, stimulatesinnovations, as measured by patent applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
Multinational enterprise; labour mobility; knowledge spillover
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184166OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-184166DiVA: diva2:915235
Conference
The Chinese Economist Society 2015 annual conference,2015-06-13-2015-12-15Chongqing University, China
Note

QC 20160329

Available from: 2016-03-29 Created: 2016-03-29 Last updated: 2016-04-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Heterogeneous Innovation and Labour Mobility
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heterogeneous Innovation and Labour Mobility
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Knowledge is a necessary and critically important factor in generating growth and increased prosperity. The extent to which such effects are materialized depends however on its diffusion and how it transcends into innovation, entrepreneurship and growing firms. This doctoral thesis consists of four papers that examine how labor mobility and innovation strategies influence the performance at the firm level with respect to new ventures, firm level growth and innovativeness.

 

The first paper provides empirical support of the validity of the knowledge-based spillover theory of entrepreneurship by employing a detailed database. The results indicate that both inter-regional labor inflows and intra-regional labor mobility exert a strong positive effect on entrepreneurship, while inter-regional outflows negatively affect entrepreneurial entry.

 

The second paper examines the influence of the labor mobility of knowledge workers on innovation at the firm level. New evidence are provided that reveals a positive and significant impact of labor mobility on firms’ innovations measured as patent applications.

 

In the third paper the influence of labor mobility between multinational enterprises (MNEs) and other firms on innovation is investigated. Looking at firms having different owner structures, empirical evidence are provided that particularly domestically owned MNEs generate strong knowledge spillovers to non-MNEs that translates into innovations.

 

The fourth paper examines the relationship between innovation and firm growth. We implement a classification of innovations based on whether they are explorative or exploitative. The more radical explorative innovations are shown to have a persistent growth effect in the long term, while exploitative innovation increases the labor demand predominantly in the short term.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. iv , 11 p.
Series
TRITA-IEO, ISSN 1100-7982 ; 2016:03
Keyword
labor mobility, knowledge spillover, organizational learning, entrepreneurship, heterogeneous innovation
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184120 (URN)978-91-7595-913-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-04-22, E3, Osquars backe, KTH Campus, Stockholm, 17:44 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20160401

Available from: 2016-04-01 Created: 2016-03-27 Last updated: 2016-04-22Bibliographically approved

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