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Practical evaluation of borehole heat exchanger models in TRNSYS
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration. Kvinna.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Vertical ground source heat pumps are established and still growing on the global market. The modelling of these systems is important for system design and optimization. This is an active field of research, and many models are often built into system simulation software such as TRNSYS. With the intention of having a better sensibility for existing TRNSYS tools, three different cases are simulated with several TRNSYS tools, so called Types. A Thermal Response Test, a large borehole field of an IKEA building complex in Sweden, as well as the Marine Corps Logistic Base in Albany, USA. The vertical ground heat exchanger types 203, 244, 243, 246, 451, 55a and 557b are used. Most of the simulations are investigated and evaluated by comparing them to measured data. The result shows that, for these specific cases, the DTS types 557a and 557b can underestimate the heat transfer early on due to a poor consideration of the thermal capacity inside the borehole. Depending on how the thermal resistance is calculated by a module, the fluid mean temperature simulation is affected by a constant throughout the simulation time. The simulation results indicate that the type 557b, where the borehole resistance is pre-set as an input and known from experimental data, is the most accurate of the types for groundwater filled boreholes. On short term, type 451 provides a good coherence with the measured data, with a relative deviation of 10.3 %. The borehole models that consider the borehole thermal capacity overestimate the short term heat transfer rate, whereas those that neglect the borehole capacity underestimate the short term thermal heat transfer on short term. Existing Types describe successfully the long term behaviour of large borehole fields. Serial versus parallel coupled BHE fields show relatively small differences in performance when simulated with type 557b for a specific study case.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
TRNSYS, borehole heat exchanger, boreholes, Ground source heat pump, Renewable energy
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183784OAI: diva2:914770
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Design and Product Realisation; Master of Science in Engineering - Design and Product Realisation
2016-01-20, Brinellvägen 68, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2016-04-15 Created: 2016-03-19 Last updated: 2016-04-15Bibliographically approved

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