Insight into Catalytic Intermediates Relevant for Water Splitting
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Catalysis is an important part of chemistry. This is also reflected in the chemical industry where 85-90 % of all products are made catalytically. Also nature employs catalysts, i.e. enzymes, for its reactions.
To improve on the already existing catalysts one can learn a lot from nature which often uses earth-abundant elements in the enzymes which have also been optimized and finely tuned for billions of years. To gain a deeper understanding of both enzymatic and artificial catalysis one needs to investigate the mechanism of the catalytic process. But for very efficient catalysts with turnover frequencies of several thousand per second this is not easy, since an investigation of the mechanism involves resolving intermediates in the catalytic cycle. The intermediates in these instances are short-lived corresponding to their turnover frequencies. A maximum turnover frequency of 1,000 s-1 e.g. means that each catalyst goes through the whole catalytic cycle in 1 ms. Therefore time-resolved techniques are necessary that have a faster detection speed than the turnover frequency of the catalyst.
Flash photolysis is a spectroscopic technique with an instrument response function down to 10 ns. Coupling this technique with mid-infrared probing yields an excellent detection system for probing different redox and protonation states of carbonyl metal complexes. Since many catalysts as well as natural enzymes involved in water splitting are metal carbonyl complexes this is an ideal technique to monitor the intermediates of these catalysts.
Chapter 3 covers the investigation of [FeFe] hydrogenases, enzymes that catalyze the reduction of protons to hydrogen in nature. Chapter 4 investigates the intermediates of biomimetic complexes, resembling the active site of natural [FeFe] hydrogenases. Chapter 5 covers the insights gained from investigating other catalysts which are also involved in water splitting and artificial photosynthesis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. , 81 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1359
Catalysis, Artificial photosynthesis, Molecular biomimetics
Research subject Chemistry with specialization in Physical Chemistry; Chemistry with specialization in Chemical Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-281447ISBN: 978-91-554-9526-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-281447DiVA: diva2:914420
2016-06-03, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Pickett, Christopher, Professor
Hammarström, Leif, ProfessorLomoth, ReinerOtt, Sascha
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