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Does Labour Mobility Foster Innovation?: Evidence from Sweden
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0218-7924
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8958-7554
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8377-1633
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

By utilising a Swedish unique, matched employer-employee dataset that has been pooled with firm-level patent application data, we provide new evidence that knowledge workers’ mobility has a positive and strongly significant impact on firm innovation output, as measured by firm patent applications. The effect is particularly strong for knowledge workers that have previously worked in a patenting firm (the learning-by-hiring effect), but firms losing a knowledge worker are also shown to benefit (the diaspora effect), albeit more weakly. Finally, the effect is more pronounced when the joining worker originates in another region.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
Labour mobility; knowledge diffusion; innovation; social networks
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183998OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-183998DiVA: diva2:913686
Conference
15th International Conference of the International Joseph A. Schumpeter Society (ISS)
Note

QC 20160329

Available from: 2016-03-22 Created: 2016-03-22 Last updated: 2016-04-01Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Heterogeneous Innovation and Labour Mobility
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heterogeneous Innovation and Labour Mobility
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Knowledge is a necessary and critically important factor in generating growth and increased prosperity. The extent to which such effects are materialized depends however on its diffusion and how it transcends into innovation, entrepreneurship and growing firms. This doctoral thesis consists of four papers that examine how labor mobility and innovation strategies influence the performance at the firm level with respect to new ventures, firm level growth and innovativeness.

 

The first paper provides empirical support of the validity of the knowledge-based spillover theory of entrepreneurship by employing a detailed database. The results indicate that both inter-regional labor inflows and intra-regional labor mobility exert a strong positive effect on entrepreneurship, while inter-regional outflows negatively affect entrepreneurial entry.

 

The second paper examines the influence of the labor mobility of knowledge workers on innovation at the firm level. New evidence are provided that reveals a positive and significant impact of labor mobility on firms’ innovations measured as patent applications.

 

In the third paper the influence of labor mobility between multinational enterprises (MNEs) and other firms on innovation is investigated. Looking at firms having different owner structures, empirical evidence are provided that particularly domestically owned MNEs generate strong knowledge spillovers to non-MNEs that translates into innovations.

 

The fourth paper examines the relationship between innovation and firm growth. We implement a classification of innovations based on whether they are explorative or exploitative. The more radical explorative innovations are shown to have a persistent growth effect in the long term, while exploitative innovation increases the labor demand predominantly in the short term.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. iv , 11 p.
Series
TRITA-IEO, ISSN 1100-7982 ; 2016:03
Keyword
labor mobility, knowledge spillover, organizational learning, entrepreneurship, heterogeneous innovation
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184120 (URN)978-91-7595-913-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-04-22, E3, Osquars backe, KTH Campus, Stockholm, 17:44 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20160401

Available from: 2016-04-01 Created: 2016-03-27 Last updated: 2016-04-22Bibliographically approved

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