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Anknytningsstil och upplevelse av psykosocial arbetsmiljö
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, St Lukas Educational Institute.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Attachment Style and experience of psychosocial work environment (English)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Although attachment theory is widely studied within the field of developmental psychological research, work environment research frequently disregards attachment-related individual characteristics of co-workers when studying workplace environment. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of attachment style on the perception of psychosocial work environment.

Research question: How does attachment style relate to the experience of demands, influence and social support at work?

Method: Nurses and assistant nurses employed at the emergency departments, Skåne University Hospital (n = 218), were asked to answer the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ) and Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ).

Results: A total of 135 questionnaires (62%) were included in the study. In the majority of the analyses no correlations were found between attachment style and experience of psychosocial work environment. A lower degree of perceived support from colleagues was, however, related to higher discomfort with closeness and relationships as secondary. An association between higher degree of perceived support from peers and higher degree of confidence in self and others was found. Securely attached individuals were less burdened by quantitative requirements and experienced more support from peers than insecure attached individuals.

Discussion/conclusion: There is only a weak relationship between attachment style and experience of demands, influence and social support at work. This might partly be explained by the nature of the questionnaires, the homogeneity of the study population and missing cases. The statistically significant correlations that were found are supported by findings in previous studies.

Abstract [sv]

Inledning: Trots att anknytningsforskningen är väl utbredd inom det utvecklingspsykologiska forskningsfältet har arbetsmiljöforskare hittills i stor utsträckning bortsett ifrån anknytningsteorin vad gäller studier av individers olikheter på arbetsplatsen. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka anknytningsstilens betydelse för upplevelsen av psykosocial arbetsmiljö.

Frågeställningar: Hur förhåller sig anknytningsstil till upplevelsen av krav, inflytande och socialt stöd på arbetsplatsen?

Metod:Sjuksköterskor och undersköterskor anställda på akutmottagningarna, Skånes universitetssjukhus (n=218), fick besvara Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ) och Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ).

Resultat: 135 enkäter (62%) inkluderades i studien. I flertalet analyser sågs inga samband mellan anknytningsstil och upplevelse av psykosocial arbetsmiljö. Hög grad av sakorientering och distans på ASQ var dock relaterad till lägre grad av upplevt stöd ifrån kollegor. Dessutom fanns ett samband mellan högre grad av upplevt stöd ifrån kollegor och högre grad av tillit. Tryggt anknutna visade sig i lägre utsträckning belastade av kvantitativa krav och upplevde mer stöd från kollegor än otryggt anknutna.

Diskussion/slutsats: Det finns endast ett svagt samband mellan anknytningsstil och upplevelse av krav, inflytande och socialt stöd på arbetsplatsen. Anledningen till detta kan delvis bero på mätinstrumentens utformning, studiepopulationens relativa homogenitet samt ett relativt stort bortfall. De samband som återfanns överensstämmer med tidigare forskning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 20 p.
Keyword [en]
Attachment theory, Psychosocial work environment, ASQ, COPSOQ
Keyword [sv]
Anknytningsteori, Psykosocial arbetsmiljö, ASQ, COPSOQ
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5150OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5150DiVA: diva2:913621
Educational program
Psykoterapeutprogrammet
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-03-22 Created: 2016-03-22 Last updated: 2016-03-22Bibliographically approved

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