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Hälsofrämjande insatser som påverkar användningen av akutpreventivmedel
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Health promoting efforts that affect the use of emergency contraception. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Akutpreventivmedel utgörs av kopparspiral och akut p-piller, metoden är säker för att undvika oönskad graviditet. Vissa kvinnor använder inte metoden medan andra kvinnor använder akut p-piller upprepade gånger istället för att använda en mer säker långsiktig metod, vilket kan leda till att kvinnor blir ofrivilligt gravida. Syftet var att belysa faktorer som påverkar användningen av akutpreventivmedel. Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie, baserad på 12 artiklar med kvantitativ design och tre artiklar med kvalitativ design. Analysen resulterade i två teman, kunskap och stöd. Kunskapen om hur akutpreventivmedel ska användas behöver ökas både hos hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal samt kvinnor och män i fertil ålder vilket har stor betydelse för användningen av akutpreventivmedel. Hos kvinnor och män kan kunskapsbristen om akutpreventivmedel leda till utebliven användning trots behov, medan bristen på kunskap hos andra individer kan leda till upprepad användning. Att kvinnor kände skam var ett skäl till att akutpreventivmedel inte användes, dock kunde vänners stöd göra att man trots allt vågade. Temat stöd behöver belysas ytterligare för ett säkrare resultat. Dessutom kan framtida studier ge insikt i den mest effektiva utbildningsstrategin för att öka medvetenheten om akutpreventivmedel. Nyare forskning behövs även vad gäller männens roll och ansvar kring familjeplanering.

Abstract [en]

Emergency contraception consists of copper coil and the morning-after pill, the method is safe to avoid unwanted pregnancy. Some women do not use the method while other women using emergency contraceptive repeatedly instead of using a more secure long-term approach, which can lead to women becoming pregnant unintentionally. The aim was to highlight factors that influence the use of emergency contraception. The study was conducted as a literature study, based on 12 articles by quantitative design and three articles with qualitative design. The analysis resulted in two themes, knowledge and support. The knowledge of how emergency contraception should be used needs to be increased among both health workers and women and men of reproductive age, which has great significance for the use of emergency contraception. In women and men can be the lack of knowledge of emergency contraception lead to loss of use, despite the needs, while the lack of knowledge of other individuals can lead to repeated use. The women felt shame was a reason for emergency contraception was not used, however, could make the support of friends that despite everything dared. The theme support needs to be further highlighted for more accurate results. In addition, future studies provide insight into the most effective educational strategy to raise awareness of emergency contraception. Recent research is also needed in terms of men's roles and responsibilities regarding family planning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 20 p.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30555OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-30555DiVA: diva2:913127
Subject / course
Nursing
Presentation
2016-01-11, 10:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-03-31 Created: 2016-03-19 Last updated: 2016-03-31Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Nursing

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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