Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Creation and Detection of Single Photons
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. (Quantum Information & Quantum Optics)
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A growing number of technologies employ quantum properties in order to produce solutions that surpass the performance of conventional devices, or to execute operations that are fundamentally impossible with classical systems alone. In the field of optical quantum information science, photons are utilized to encode, communicate and manipulate information, making them vitally important. While photon production always constitutes the first step in any optical experiment, in the field of quantum information science, the recording of data through the process of photon detection is an equally crucial final step.

This thesis deals with both the single photons generation (based on diamond color defects) and their detection, utilizing a novel type of superconducting detectors. In particular, part one of this thesis is devoted to the construction of custom designed microscope setup, and the development of laboratory experiments, to enable the generation of single photons as well as the investigation of the optical and spin properties of diamond color centers. Confocal microscopy is used for this purpose, as it allows for the identification and addressing of individual color centers that emit only single photons. This microscope also feature an integrated self-built microwave and magnetic hardware setup, which allows for a wide range of spin environment spectroscopy studies. Single photon emission is demonstrated through both photon anti-bunching and Rabi oscillations at room temperature.

The second part of the thesis offers an exploration of superconducting single photon detectors through experiment. Since electronics are an essential part of these detectors, the possibility of using a novel alternative scheme based on capacitive readout combined with fast gating to enable simplified readout is demonstrated. This scheme overcomes the limitations of conventional readout schemes, which require large bandwidth amplification and complex counting electronics. Besides photon detection, the capabilities of these detectors are also expanded to include high-energy particles in the MeV energy range, and the detectors are demonstrated to not only detect single α- and β-particles, but to do so with near unity efficiency. Finally, a multipurpose testing station for superconducting detectors is demonstrated with a central objective of optimizing the coupling efficiency of light to the active area of the detector, as well as to allow for a fast exchange of the optical fiber, thereby facilitating an efficient characterization of the detector. The optimization of this coupling efficiency was demonstrated through proof-of-principle experiments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Physics, Stockholm University , 2016. , 215 p.
National Category
Other Physics Topics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-127675ISBN: 978-91-7649-342-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-127675DiVA: diva2:910692
Public defence
2016-05-16, sal FB52, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 3: Manuscript.

 

Available from: 2016-04-25 Created: 2016-03-09 Last updated: 2017-02-17Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Capacitive readout and gating of superconducting single photon detectors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Capacitive readout and gating of superconducting single photon detectors
Show others...
2013 (English)In: Review of Scientific Instruments, ISSN 0034-6748, E-ISSN 1089-7623, Vol. 84, no 5, 053108Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We propose and develop a readout scheme for superconducting single-photon detectors based on an integrated circuit, relaxing the need for large bandwidth amplification and resulting in voltage steps proportional to the number of detected photons. We also demonstrate time gating, to filter scattered light in time and reduce dark counts. This could lead to a higher signal-to-noise ratio. The gate pulse is generated on the detection of a photon created by a spontaneous parametric down-conversion source, heralding the presence of a second photon. These two schemes could find applications within advanced multi-array imaging detection systems.

National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-92035 (URN)10.1063/1.4805055 (DOI)000319999300009 ()
Funder
The Wenner-Gren Foundation
Note

AuthorCount:5;

Available from: 2013-07-16 Created: 2013-07-15 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
2. Efficient single particle detection with a superconducting nanowire
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Efficient single particle detection with a superconducting nanowire
Show others...
2012 (English)In: AIP Advances, ISSN 2158-3226, E-ISSN 2158-3226, Vol. 2, no 3, 032124Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Detection of alpha- and beta-particles is of paramount importance in a wide range of applications. Current particle detectors are all macroscopic and have limited time resolution. We demonstrate a nanoscale particle detector with a small detection volume, high detection efficiency, short dead times and low dark count levels. We measure alpha- and beta-particle detection efficiencies close to unity using different sources and also demonstrate blindness towards gamma-rays. Our nanoscale detector offers particle detection measurements with unprecendented spatial resolution.

National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-81838 (URN)10.1063/1.4740074 (DOI)000309388800024 ()
Note

AuthorCount:5;

Available from: 2012-11-01 Created: 2012-11-01 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
3. A highly versatile optical fiber vacuum feed-through
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A highly versatile optical fiber vacuum feed-through
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Coupling light into a vacuum system is a non-trivial problem, requiring the use of a specialized feed-through. This feed-through must be both leak tight and offer a low optical loss if it is to be suitable for general use. In this paper, we report on the development of an extremely simple yet versatile, low cost, demountable optical fiber vacuum feedthrough based on the modification of a standard optical fiber bulkhead connector. The modified connector was found to have a leak rate of 6.6 ±2.1 x 10-6 mbar.L/s, and an optical loss of -0.41 ± 0.28 dB, making it suitable for use in high vacuum applications. 

National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-127674 (URN)
Available from: 2016-03-09 Created: 2016-03-09 Last updated: 2016-03-30Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Creation and Detection of Single Photons(14949 kB)471 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 14949 kBChecksum SHA-512
6d72e2fcd87a4551e1433b7755b2ba21412caa7552176660ae0a3cd82681eb6fe05239c5b2433b29dd8786e95d2cec52c7e6e90d25794d37bfd55f67f7c6f51b
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Azzouz, Hatim
By organisation
Department of Physics
Other Physics Topics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 471 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 731 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf