Developing Environmentally Friendly Dye-sensitized Solar Cells
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Due to climate change and its effects, alternative renewable energy sources are needed in the future human society. In the work of this thesis, the Dye-sensitized Solar Cell (DSC) has been investigated and characterized.
DSCs are appealing as energy conversion devices, since they have high potential to provide low cost solar light to electricity conversion. The DSC is built up by a working electrode consisting of a conductive glass substrate with a dye-sensitized mesoporous TiO2 film, a counter electrode with a catalyst and, in between, the electrolyte which performs the charge transport by means of a redox mediator. The aim of this thesis was to develop and evaluate cheap and environmentally friendly materials for the DSC.
An alternative polymer-based counter electrode catalyst was fabricated and evaluated, showing that the PEDOT catalyst counter electrode outperformed the platinum catalyst counter electrode. Different organic dyes were evaluated and it was found that the dye architecture affected the performance of the assembled DSCs. A partly hydrophilic organic triphenylamine dye was developed and applied in water-based electrolyte DSCs. The partly hydrophilic dye outperformed the reference hydrophobic dye. Small changes in dye architecture were evaluated for two similar dyes, both by spectroscopic and electrochemical techniques. A change in the length of the dialkoxyphenyl units on a triphenylamine dye, affected the recombination and the regeneration electron transfer kinetics in the DSC system. Finally, three water soluble cobalt redox couples were developed and applied in water-based electrolyte DSCs. An average efficiency of 5.5% (record efficiency of 5.7%) for a 100% water-based electrolyte DSC was achieved with the polymer-based catalyst counter electrode and an organic dye with short dimethoxyphenyl units, improving the wetting and the regeneration process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. , 82 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1351
dye-sensitized solar cells, dye, cobalt, triphenylamine, titanium dioxide, aqueous, PEDOT
Research subject Chemistry with specialization in Physical Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-280291ISBN: 978-91-554-9506-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-280291DiVA: diva2:910504
2016-04-29, Polhemsalen; Ång/10134, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
di Carlo, Aldo, Professor
Boschloo, Gerrit, UniversitetslektorHagfeldt, Anders, ProfessorJohansson, Erik, Forskare
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