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Parkeringsnormer för bostäder: Porslinsfabriken – ett exempel på samspelet mellan läge, kollektivtrafik- och parkeringsutbud
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9445-784X
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3856-5421
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7828-3640
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Residential parking requirements : Porslinsfabriken – an example of the interaction between location, public transport and parking supply (English)
Abstract [sv]

I denna rapport analyseras effekterna av sänkta parkeringsnormer för bostäder för invånarna i det centrumnära, och relativt nybyggda, bostadsområdet Porslinsfabriken i Göteborg. Porslinsfabriken är med en relativt låg parkeringsnorm på 0,57 platser per lägenhet ett bra exempel på en parkeringspolitik som förs i alltfler kommuner. Resultatet visar att 19 procent av hushållen har minskat bilinnehavet, och man kör även färre antal mil på grund av parkeringsmöjligheterna. En majoritet har emellertid inte förändrat bilinnehavet eller bilanvändningen. Det fanns få skillnader mellan grupper med olika sysselsättning, utbildning, inkomst, ålder, kön och/eller familjesituation i bilinnehav, bilanvändning, eller med avseende på parkeringens konsekvenser för vardagslivet.

De allra flesta är nöjda med parkeringssituationen. En parkeringsnorm på 0,57 för centralt belägna bostadsområden med god kollektivtrafikförsörjning, närhet till service och bra förutsättningar för gång-, cykel-, och kollektivtrafik möjliggör sammantaget en minskad bilanvändning. Utbudet av parkeringsplatser i närområdet gav emellertid boende möjligheter att välja mellan parkeringsplatser. En majoritet boende privatbilspendlar som tidigare och många andra har kvar sin bil. Parkeringsnormen kunde därför ha varit lägre. En praktisk implikation av resultaten är att en lägre parkeringsnorm vid nyproduktion av flerfamiljshus måste åtföljas av ett väl samordnat batteri olika åtgärder som god tillgång på kollektivtrafik, höjning av parkeringsavgifter, minskning av allmänna parkeringsplatser och så vidare.

Abstract [en]

This report analyses the effects of lowered parking requirements for residents in the centrally located, relatively newly built housing area, Porslinsfabriken in Gothenburg. Porslinsfabriken has a relatively low parking requirement of 0.57 places per apartment and is a good example of a parking policy being introduced in many Swedish municipalities. The results show that 19 percent of households have decreased their car ownership and also drive fewer miles because of parking opportunities. However, the majority have not altered their car ownership or car use. There are few differences between groups with different occupations, education, age, gender and/or family situation as regards car ownership, car use or the consequences of parking for everyday life.

Most are happy with the parking situation. A parking requirement of 0.57 for a centrally located housing area with good public transport, close proximity to services and good opportunities for cycling, walking and using public transport has decreased overall car use. However, the range of parking available in the immediate area gives residents a choice of parking spaces. The majority of residents commute by private car as before, and many others have kept their cars. The parking requirement could therefore have been lower. A practical implication of the results is that a lower parking requirement for construction of new apartment blocks must be accompanied by a well-coordinated battery of other measures, such as good access to public transport, higher parking charges, a reduction in public parking spaces etc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2016. , 84 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 881
Keyword [en]
Parking, Residential area, Policy, Specifications, Journey, Behaviour, Transport mode, Vehicle ownership, Interview
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 11 Road: Personal transport
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-10104OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-10104DiVA: diva2:909581
Available from: 2016-03-07 Created: 2016-03-07 Last updated: 2016-10-06Bibliographically approved

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Hrelja, RobertHenriksson, PerAntonson, Hans

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