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Biofunctionalization of a Fiber Optics-Based LSPR Sensor
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Molecular Physics.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

When exposed to light, metal nanoparticles exhibit a phenomenon known as LSPR, Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance. The wavelengths at which LSPR occurs is very dependent on the refractive index of the surrounding medium. Binding of biomolecules to the surface of gold nanoparticles result in a change in the refractive index that can be detected spectrophotometrically by monitoring the LSPR peak shift. When functionalized with the corresponding ligand(s), gold nanoparticles can be utilized in biosensors to detect the presence and concentration of a predetermined analyte. However, the system must exhibit high specificity and give rise to a detectable shift for analytes in the desired concentration range to be of commercial interest. The aim of the diploma project was to investigate and optimize the biofunctionalization and performance of a fiber optics based LSPR biosensor.  Three ligand systems were investigated for detection of antibodies (IgG), insulin and avidin. Binding of the analyte to the ligand caused a shift of a few nanometers when using spherical gold nanoparticles. The shifts were significantly larger when using gold nanorods. When using the IgG and insulin ligands, only minor unspecific binding was observed. The setup thus shows great potential for use in a wide range of sensing applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 39 p.
Keyword [en]
Localized surface plasmon resonance, LSPR, nanoparticles, AuNP, AuNR, biosensor, refractive index, spectrophotometry, IgG, insulin, avidin
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125726ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX—16/3139--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-125726DiVA: diva2:908080
Subject / course
Biotechnology
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Available from: 2016-03-04 Created: 2016-03-01 Last updated: 2016-03-04Bibliographically approved

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