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Poetry and Science Fiction: – Richard Brautigan’s poem “All Watched Over By Machines of Loving Grace” as an ecological dystopia
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities. (English)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8882-9267
2016 (English)In: Messengers From The Stars, ISSN 2183-7465, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper I argue that Richard Brautigan’s poem “All Watched Over By Machines of Loving Grace” is an ecological dystopia in the science fiction genre. Brautigan’s poem creates a post-pastoral image of a cybernetic ecology monitored and controlled by machines. The poem’s internal structure and tone provide an ironic commentary to its theme of a utopian project, highlighting its internal conflicts and showing its impossibility. I argue, therefore, that the poem is a critique of the ecological utopias of the 60s and can be read accordingly.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
in the University of Lisbon Centre for English Studies (ULICES): Messengers From The Stars , 2016. no 1
Keyword [en]
Brautigan; Cybernetic Ecology; Ecocriticism; Ecotopia; Science-Fiction
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-27136OAI: diva2:907312
Available from: 2016-02-26 Created: 2016-02-26 Last updated: 2016-03-14Bibliographically approved

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Marques, Nuno
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