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Latency Reduction for Soft Real-Time Traffic using SCTP Multihoming
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science. Karlstad University. (DISCO)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6723-881X
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

More and more so-called soft real-time traffic is being sent over IP-based networks. The bursty, data-limited traffic pattern as well as the latency requirements from this traffic present challenges to the traditional communication techniques, designed for bulk traffic without considering latency.

To meet the requirements from soft real-time traffic, in particular from telephony signaling, the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) was designed. Its support for connectivity to multiple networks, i.e., multihoming, provides robustness and opens up for concurrent multipath transfer (CMT) over multiple paths. Since SCTP is a general transport protocol, it also enables for handover of media sessions between heterogeneous networks. Migrating an ongoing session to a new network, as well as CMT with minimal latency, requires tuning of several protocol parameters and mechanisms.

This thesis addresses latency reduction for soft real-time traffic using SCTP multihoming from three perspectives. The first focus is on latency for signaling traffic in case of path failure, where a path switch, a failover, occurs. We regard quick failure detection as well as rapid startup on the failover target path. The results indicate that by careful parameter tuning, the failover time may be significantly reduced. The second focus in the thesis is on latency for signaling traffic using CMT. To this end, we address sender-side scheduling. We evaluate some existing schedulers, and design a dynamic stream-aware scheduler. The results indicate that the dynamic stream-aware scheduler may provide significantly improved latency in unbalanced networks. Finally, we target multihomed SCTP to provide for handover of a media session between heterogeneous wireless networks in a mobile scenario. We implement a handover scheme and our investigation shows that SCTP could provide for seamless handover of a media session at walking speed.

Abstract [en]

So-called soft real-time traffic may be sent over IP-based networks. The bursty, data-limited traffic pattern and the latency requirements from this traffic present a challenge to traditional communication techniques. The Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP), with support for multihoming, was designed to better meet the requirements from soft-real time traffic. Multihoming provides for robustness and for concurrent multipath transfer (CMT) as well as for handover of sessions between heterogeneous networks. Still, to meet the timeliness requirements, tuning of protocol parameters and mechanisms is crucial.

This thesis addresses latency reduction for soft real-time traffic using SCTP multihoming. The first focus is on signaling traffic in case of path failure, where a path switch, a failover, occurs. We show that careful parameter tuning may reduce the failover time significantly. The second focus is on signaling traffic using CMT. We address sender-side scheduling and show that dynamic stream-aware scheduling may reduce latency when data is transmitted over asymmetric network  paths. The third focus is multihomed SCTP for handover between heterogeneous networks, where we show that SCTP could provide for seamless handover of a media session at walking speed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2016. , 34 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2016:14
Keyword [en]
transport protocol, SCTP, multihoming, latency, performance evaluation, failover, concurrent multipath transfer, scheduling, mobility, handover
National Category
Computer Science
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-40713ISBN: 978-91-7063-693-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-40713DiVA: diva2:906958
Public defence
2016-06-17, 21A342, Karlstad, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Paper 3 (Efficient Scheduling to Reduce Latency...) ingick i avhandlingen som manuskript med samma namn.

Available from: 2016-05-18 Created: 2016-02-25 Last updated: 2017-03-07Bibliographically approved
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