Changes in the anticitrullinated peptide antibody response in relation to therapeutic outcome in early rheumatoid arthritis: results from the SWEFOT trial
2016 (English)In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 75, no 2, 356-361 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Objective To determine the relationship between changes in antibody levels towards citrullinated peptides derived from different candidate autoantigens and therapeutic outcome in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods Baseline and 3-month serum samples from 316 patients with early RA enrolled in the Swedish Farmacotherapy (SWEFOT) trial were analysed for antibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptides (CCP) and citrullinated peptides derived from vimentin (cVim), fibrinogen (cFib) and a-enolase (CEP-1). At 3-month follow-up, methotrexate monotherapy-inadequate responders were randomised to add-on therapy with sulfasalazine and hydroxychloroquine or infliximab. In these patients, anticitrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPA) were also assessed at 12 and 24 months. The proportion of antibody-positive patients and relative changes in antibody levels were compared across ACPA specificities and related to therapeutic response and radiographic progression. Results During the 2-year follow-up, the proportion of patients testing positive declined significantly regarding antibodies to cVim, cFib and CEP-1, while anti-CCP antibody occurrence remained stable over time. Turning anti-cVim antibody negative was most common, and anti-cVim antibody seroreversion during the first three months associated with significantly less 2-year radiographic progression compared with patients who remained positive. Median antibody levels of all tested ACPAs declined uniformly during initial methotrexate therapy and following response to add-on therapy, with no significant relation to treatment regimen or radiographic progression. Conclusions The influence of early antirheumatic therapy on ACPA seroreversions was markedly different across specificities, and early disappearance of anti-cVim antibodies associated with better radiological outcome. Thus, these data suggest that the disappearance of particular ACPA reactivities may be beneficial in early RA.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP , 2016. Vol. 75, no 2, 356-361 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125298DOI: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2014-205698ISI: 000368955700006PubMedID: 25550338OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-125298DiVA: diva2:906397
Funding Agencies|EU [FP7-Health-2010-261460, FP7-Health-2013-306029]; County Council of Ostergotland; Reinhold Sund Foundation; Swedish Society of Medicine; Swedish Rheumatism Association; Thelma Zoegas foundation in Helsingborg; Stiftelsen for Rorelsehindrade i Skane; Swedish Research Council; Strategic Foundations of Sweden (SSF)2016-02-242016-02-192016-03-16