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Skolsköterskors uppfattning av samspelet mellan psykisk hälsa och fysisk aktivitet utifrån deras arbete med högstadieelever: En empirisk kvalitativ intervjustudie med fenomenografisk ansats
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
: The school nurse’s experience of the interaction between mental health and physical activity from their work with high school students (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Många barn uppvisar symtom på psykisk ohälsa, samtidigt visar studier att barn får en alltmer stillasittande fritid. Exakt hur den fysiska aktiviteten påverkar den psykiska hälsan är oklart då det är en komplex fråga. I sitt arbete erhåller skolsköterskor nära relationer med barn och de får på så vis en inblick i hur den psykiska samt fysiska hälsan ser ut.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa hur samspelet mellan psykisk hälsa och fysisk aktivitet uppfattas av skolsköterskor utifrån deras erfarenhet i elevhälsan bland högstadieelever.

Metod: En empirisk kvalitativ intervjustudie med fenomenografisk ansats. Undersökningsgruppen bestod av åtta stycken skolsköterskor i Karlstads kommun som arbetar med elever på högstadiet.

Huvudresultat: Skolsköterskorna hade en gemensam erfarenhet av att många barn har en dålig psykisk hälsa och att detta främst observeras bland flickor. De delade även uppfattningen av att den fysiska aktiviteten minskar bland barn. Något som framkom av skolsköterskornas berättelser var att kraven inom idrotten uppfattas av många barn som allt för höga.

Konklusion: Många barn upplever allt för höga krav inom idrotten vilket kan leda till psykisk ohälsa hos vissa barn och framförallt bland flickor. För att få barn att öka sin fysiska aktivitet är det viktigt att se över synsättet inom idrotten så att det blir den roliga, sociala och avslappnande aktivitet den är tänkt att vara.

Abstract [en]

Background

There has been an increase in the proportion of adolescents who show symptoms of mental illness. It is clear from previous research that physical activity affects the mental health and it is a current issue. It is, however, unclear exactly how it affects the mental health then it is a complex issue. In their everyday work school nurses get close relationship to adolescents and get an insight of how the mental and physical health situation looks like among adolescents.

Aim: The aim of this study was to highlight the interaction between mental health and physical activity based on the school nurses experience in the student health team among high school students.

Method: The study is a qualitative interview study with phenomenographic analysis. Data was collected from interviews, the study group consisted of eight school nurses who worked within Karlstad kommun and were working with adolescents in high schools.

Main result: The school nurses shared the common experience that many of the adolescents suffered from poor mental health, and it is mainly observed in girls. They also experienced that adolescents are less physical active and that the adolescents are having an increased sedentary behavior. Something that also emerged from the school nurses stories was that the demands of the sport has increased.

Conclusion: Many are experiencing too high demands from their sport which can result in mental illness for some children, especially among girls. To get adolescents to increase their physical activity is it important to look over the approach within sport so that it becomes the fun, social and relaxing activity it is supposed to be.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Mental health, mental illness, physical activity, children, school nurses
Keyword [sv]
Psykisk hälsa, psykisk ohälsa, fysisk aktivitet, skolsköterskor, barn
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-21068OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-21068DiVA: diva2:904576
Available from: 2016-02-19 Created: 2016-02-19

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