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Apartheidteologi: En analys av religionens roll i legitimerandet av apartheid
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Apartheid theology : An analysis of the usage of religion in the justifying of apartheid (English)
Abstract [sv]

Apartheid betyder åtskildhet på Afrikaans och är namnet på den rasåtskillnadspolitik som genomfördes av Apartheidregimen i Sydafrika mellan 1948-1994. Syftet med detta är att granska hur religion användes för att legitimera det förtryck som apartheidsystemet innebar för många människor i Sydafrika. Detta undersöks genom en litteraturöversikt där ett brett forskningsmaterial om apartheid bearbetas för att kunna granska religionens roll i apartheid. En teologisk analys kommer att genomföras på det forskningsmaterial som framtagits där en argumentationsanalys kommer att användas.  Dutch Reformed Church (DRC) är den största afrikanderkyrkan i Sydafrika och hade ett nära förhållande till apartheidregimen. DRC lade en teologiskgrund för apartheid där ett av argumenten för afrikandernas särställning var att afrikanderna var Guds utvalda folk. Man hade även som uppgift att plocka fram bibliska argument som stödjer apartheidpolitiken. Religionen användes framförallt genom att man presenterade teologisk grund med bibliska argument som utgångspunkt för att rättfärdiga apartheidpolitiken och framställa den som Guds vilja. 

Nyckelord: Afrikander, Apartheid, Dutch Reformed Church (DRC), Kristendom, Nationalism

Abstract [en]

Apartheid is an Afrikaans word meaning separateness and is the name of the system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race carried out by the apartheid regime in South Africa between the years 1948-1994. The objective with this research is to examine how religion was used in justifying apartheid, which was a political system carried out by the apartheid regime when implemented resulted in an unjust existence for many people in South Africa. This will be examined through a literature study where a wide selection of research material will be reviewed to ensure the quality of my research. An argumentation analysis will be used to review the theological arguments used by Afrikaner theologies in justifying apartheid.  Dutch Reformed Church (DRC) is the largest Afrikaner church in South Africa and the church had a close relationship to the apartheid regime. DRC developed a theological foundation to support the apartheid regime and its policy. One of the arguments that DRC used to ensure the Afrikaner peoples special position was that the Afrikaner people was the chosen people of God and therefor special. DRC also had the task of presenting scriptural evidence that supported the policy of apartheid. Religion was primarily used to create a theological foundation with the support of scripture to justify the policy of apartheid and create an image of the policy as Gods intention.

Keywords: Afrikaner, Apartheid, Dutch Reformed Church (DRC), Christianity, Nationalism   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 42 p.
Keyword [sv]
Apartheid Religionsvetenskap Apartheidteologi Afrikander Kristendom Nationalism
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-40569OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-40569DiVA: diva2:904533
Subject / course
Religious Studies and Theology
Educational program
Secondary Education Programme: Upper Secondary Education Programme: Religion (300 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-02-19 Created: 2016-02-18 Last updated: 2016-02-19Bibliographically approved

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