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MÅLSÄTTNING OCH MOTIVATION INOM GYMTRÄNING: En kvantitativ studie baserad på gymaktiva vuxna
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Goalsettingand motivationin gympractice: A quantitative research based on gymactive adults. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Föreliggande studie syftade till att undersöka sambandet/effekten mellan målsättning, behovstillfredsställelse, behovsfrustration, motivation och träningsfrekvens bland gymaktiva vuxna. Utifrån två arbetsmodeller utformades två hypoteser som testades via medieringsanalyser. En kvantitativ forskningsansats genomfördes där respondenterna fick besvara ett enkätformulär med frågor från mätinstrumenten: Godin Leisure- Time Exercise Questionnaire, Task and Ego Goal Orientation in Sport Questionnaire, The Balanced Measure of Psychological Needs, samt Behavorial Regulations in Exercise Questionnaire. Utifrån ett bekvämlighetsurval rekryterades 128 respondenter (70 kvinnor och 58 män) i åldern 19-36 (M = 22.3, SD = 2.5) som deltog i studien. Medelvärdet på antal träningspass/vecka (lätt, måttlig och hård träning) uppkom till cirka nio stycken bland deltagare. Studiens huvudsakliga fynd var att prestationsmål korrelerade positivt med identifierad reglering, inre motivation, tillfredställelse av de tre grundbehoven samt självbestämmande motivation. Det fanns även ett positivt samband mellan inre motivation och träningsfrekvens. Vidare visade resultatet ett positivt samband mellan resultatmål, amotivation och behovsfrustration. De två hypoteserna förkastades då resultatet inte genererade några direkta medierande effekter. För framtida forskning föreslås bland annat studier som syftar till att undersöka hur effekten på träningsfrekvens kan påverkas beroende på målorientering, samt föreslås ytterligare studier som undersöker behovsfrustration i samband med gymkontexter.

Abstract [en]

The present study aimed to investigate the relationship/effect between goal orientation, needs satisfaction, needs frustration, motivation and training frequency among gym active adults. Based on two working models two hypotheses were designed and tested through mediation analyzes. A quantitative research approach was conducted in which respondents were asked to answer a questionnaire with questions from the following measuring instruments: Godin Leisure- Time Exercise Questionnaire, Task and Ego Goal Orientation in Sport Questionnaire, The Balanced Measure of Psychological Needs and Behavioral Regulations in Exercise Questionnaire". From a convenience sample, 128 respondents (70 women and 58 men) in the age 19-36 (M = 22.3, SD = 2.5) were recruited who participated in the study. The average number of training sessions/week was about nine for the participants. The study's main finding suggest that task goals positively correlated with identified regulation, intrinsic motivation, satisfaction of the three basic needs and self-determination motivation. There was also a positive correlation between exercise frequency and intrinsic motivation and exercise frequency. The results also showed a positive correlation between ego goals, amotivation and thwarting. The two hypotheses were rejected because the result did not generate any direct media effects. For future research, it is suggested to design studies that aim to investigate how the effect of exercise frequency may be affected depending on the goal orientation, and further suggested studies that investigate thwarting in relation to gym contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
achievement goal theory, exercise, self-determination theory, thwarting
Keyword [sv]
behovsfrustration, målorienteringsteorin, självbestämmande teorin, träning
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30357OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-30357DiVA: diva2:903925
Subject / course
Psychology Targeting Sport
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-02-17 Created: 2016-02-17 Last updated: 2016-02-17Bibliographically approved

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