Cross-plane thermal conductivity of (Ti,W)N/(Al,Sc)N metal/semiconductor superlattices
2016 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 93, no 4, 045311- p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Reduction of cross-plane thermal conductivity and understanding of the mechanisms of heat transport in nanostructured metal/semiconductor superlattices are crucial for their potential applications in thermoelectric and thermionic energy conversion devices, thermal management systems, and thermal barrier coatings. We have developed epitaxial (Ti,W)N/(Al,Sc)N metal/semiconductor superlattices with periodicity ranging from 1 nm to 240 nm that show significantly lower thermal conductivity compared to the parent TiN/(Al, Sc) N superlattice system. The (Ti,W)N/(Al,Sc)N superlattices grow with  orientation on the MgO(001) substrates with well-defined coherent layers and are nominally single crystalline with low densities of extended defects. Cross-plane thermal conductivity (measured by time-domain thermoreflectance) decreases with an increase in the superlattice interface density in a manner that is consistent with incoherent phonon boundary scattering. Thermal conductivity values saturate at 1.7W m(-1) K-1 for short superlattice periods possibly due to a delicate balance between long-wavelength coherent phonon modes and incoherent phonon scattering from heavy tungsten atomic sites and superlattice interfaces. First-principles density functional perturbation theory based calculations are performed to model the vibrational spectrum of the individual component materials, and transport models are used to explain the interface thermal conductance across the (Ti,W)N/(Al,Sc)N interfaces as a function of periodicity. The long-wavelength coherent phonon modes are expected to play a dominant role in the thermal transport properties of the short-period superlattices. Our analysis of the thermal transport properties of (Ti,W)N/(Al,Sc)N metal/semiconductor superlattices addresses fundamental questions about heat transport in multilayer materials.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER PHYSICAL SOC , 2016. Vol. 93, no 4, 045311- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125146DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.93.045311ISI: 000368487500010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-125146DiVA: diva2:903425
Funding Agencies|National Science Foundation; U.S. Department of Energy [CBET-1048616]; Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)/Army Research Office [W911NF0810347]; Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation (LSAMP) program; Office of Naval Research [N000141211006]; Swedish Research Council [RAC Frame Program] [2011-6505]; Swedish Research Council [Linnaeus Grant (LiLi-NFM)]; Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkoping University [SFO-Mat-LiU 2009-00971]2016-02-152016-02-152016-03-08