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"Ett alkoholfritt alternativ, men också några drycker som passar": En kritisk diskursanalys av språkanvändningen kring alkohol i svensk morgontv
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
”A non-alcoholic alternative, but also some suitable beverages” : A critical discourse analysis of the language used on alcohol in Swedish breakfast television (English)
Abstract [sv]

Den här studien fokuserar på mediers bilder av alkohol och hur dessa framställs språkligt i svensk morgontv. Specifikt studeras dryckesinslagen i två avsnitt av SVT:s Gomorron Sverige respektive TV4:s Nyhetsmorgon. Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur alkohol som fenomen konstrueras i dessa program och därigenom öka förståelsen för det fenomenet samt bidra till teoretiseringen av mediers bilder av alkohol. För att komma åt dessa konstruktioner används multimodal kritisk diskursanalys (MCDA) både som teori och metod. Studiens teoretiska ramverk utgår även från morgontv-genrens programformat och dess journalistiska approach samt en teori om mediers legitimerande verkan.

Studiens tillvägagångssätt grundar sig i analysbegrepp hämtade från MCDA vilka möjliggör en kvalitativ kritisk studie av programmens språkanvändning. Språk inom MCDA innefattar verbalt och skriftligt språk samt visuella tecken. Utifrån de språkliga resurser som framkommer i dekonstruktionen av avsnittens språkanvändning delas studiens material in i fyra diskursiva teman. Temana existerar i en vardaglig och familjär kontext utifrån tv-studiornas utformning och programledarnas journalistiska approach. Det första och mest grundläggande temat är att alkoholhaltiga drycker konstrueras som det normativa. Avsnittens tittare konstrueras som konsumenter, och då främst som alkoholkonsumenter. Vidare konstrueras dryckestipsen i programmen som folkbildning som tittarna måste ta del av. Det avslutande temat tar upp hur alkohol konstrueras som ett exklusivt fenomen.

Abstract [en]

The focus of this study is media’s images of alcohol and how language is used to portray them in Swedish breakfast television. Items on beverages are studied in two episodes of Gomorron Sverige and two episodes of Nyhetsmorgon. The purpose of the study is to investigate the constructions of alcohol as a phenomenon in these programs as well as to increase the understanding of the phenomenon and accumulate to the theorizing on the media’s images of alcohol. To be able to examine these constructions the study uses multimodal critical discourse analysis (MCDA) as a theory as well as a method. The theoretical framework of the study will also be based on the setting within, and the journalistic approach of, the genre of breakfast television as well as a theory on media as a legitimating actor.

The procedure of the study is based on multiple concepts of analysis gathered from MCDA which enable a qualitative critical study of the language used within the programs. MCDA regards language as spoken and written language as well as visual signs. Through the linguistic resources, exposed by the deconstruction of the language used in the programs, it is possible to distinguish four thematic discourses within the material of the study. The thematic discourses exist within a familiar context based on the styling of the studios and the journalistic approach of the hosts. The first and most essential thematic discourse is the fact that alcohol is constructed as a norm. Secondly, the viewers are constructed as consumers of alcohol. Furthermore the beverage recommendations are constructed as mass education, mandatory for the viewers to take part of. The final thematic discourse regards alcohol as an exclusive phenomenon.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 55 p.
Keyword [en]
MCDA, alcohol, breakfast television, critical discourse analysis, Gomorron Sverige, Nyhetsmorgon, wine recommendations
Keyword [sv]
MCDA, alkohol, morgontv, kritisk diskursanalys, Gomorron Sverige, Nyhetsmorgon, vintips
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-29375ISRN: JU-HLK-MKA-1-20160027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-29375DiVA: diva2:902651
Subject / course
HLK, Media and Communication Studies
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-02-16 Created: 2016-02-11 Last updated: 2016-02-16Bibliographically approved

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